When you need an amplifier with high watt power. For use in applications such as concert, theater, the festivals etc. This circuit is most suitable. Both Loudness and durability, that courage to try.
Note: Today I edit pcb layout to clear view.
For this MOSFET Amplifier circuit, typically the maximum watt power at load 4 ohm equal to 300 watt. or about 200 watt at load 8 ohm. Which the watt power very much this level. If you are not satisfied. Also may added a higher power.
For example : Increasing onto 1200 watt by used the bridge adapter circuit. Or If will use a folk way that locals they made popular are connects the output MOSFET transistors in several parallel. To can resist the higher currents. Then connects the speaker that also the several parallel util the load is very low resistances, some time is internally OHM Now also called to as a 1000 watts !
How the circuit works
Based on the circuit, it can be seen that is determined in the All complementary input form will consist of the differential circuit of two set, the separate independent, responsible for driving directly both the positive and negative side output circuit.
As it can be seen that the positive side signal will be entered pass through the resistor R4 to the differential amplifier circuit with two 2SC1775 transistors Q1,Q2, by has Q3 acts as the constant current source.
The signal is amplified by the driver circuit consist of the Q7(2SA640),Q8(2SA640),Q9(2SA690) to as the signal voltage is high enough to driver the output 2SK1058 MOSFET Q14,Q15,Q16,Q17 for acts as the positive signal to the speaker. (2SJ162 MOSFET Q18,Q19,Q20,Q21 for the negative signal)
The resistors R43,R45,R47,R49 that is at the source pin to help the average current through the MOSFET is equal to the function of a circuit more stable.
The capacitors C17,C18,C18,C20 is used to protect the noise oscillator in this circuit Why we put it a only side MOSFET N Channel. Because normally. Capacitance between Gate-Source of N Channel will lower than P Channel of about 400pF (Normal the P type will has value of C=900pF, but N type = 500pF)
The diodes D16,D17,D18,D19 acts as protect to a gate circuit of MOSFET, do not get too high voltage driver. It may cause damage through the gate. Typically, the maximum voltage will not exceed 15 volt.
The transistor Q10 is setting a bias voltage value of circuit. By adjusting the idle current on VR1 for this circuit we should adjust the Idle current about 80-120 mA.
The total gain of circuit is determined with feed back circuit R24,R25,R26,C11,C12 and for this circuit the growth rate of about 220 times.
The negative signal will entered to the below side differential circuit consist of Q4,Q5 has the output signal from Q4 go to the driver circuit Q11,Q12,Q13 to driver power MOSFET works in negative channel of signal.
They R51,C23 is used to protect oscillator in high frequency since connecting the speaker wiring and speaker
The power supply
This voltage we use positive/negative 80 volt. We may use a 75 volt one. The features of the circuit is reduced, ostensibly. But lets you select the filter capacitors are quite a lot.
Please try to be to know that was true.
Characteristics power supply circuit. As shown in Figure 4. The transformer that use in this circuit we use a size of 58-0-58 volt 10A provide through the bridge rectifier and the filter capacitor about 22,000uF 100V , or 10,000uF 100V for 2 is connected in parallel instead.
The transformer should be used carefully. It will help to produce high performance truly.
Let’s to build this projects.
Those who think to build this circuit. Should have experience in the audio sufficient. This will require careful and skilled in soldering is higher. Otherwise, it throws money to breathtaking. Because the equipment is quite a lot expensive.
– Building start of the main board. Securely attached by soldering to a point. , Put it in the right position. And A polarized components such as the diode and electrolytic capacitors do not have to be an absolute.
– Check the position of the transistors pin, should be accurate as the circuit. And that same body must be not alternate.
– For transistors Q9,Q13 should correctly the heat sink before installed the PCB.
Figure 2 the PCB
-The assembly the power MOSFET, prohibited, pin S touch the heat sink is strictly prohibited. And for good cooling. We apply silicone between the MOSFET and the heatsink.
This is because the copper pin Source and pin drain of MOSFET current can not get high. Use copper wire number 18, soldered copper pattern is pressed on it.
Then, connect the cable from the output mosfet board. Onto the motherboard. Do not switch the switch positions is strictly prohibited. The line should be large. And not broken or easily broken.
The test circuit.
When the circuit is complete. To check the accuracy with eye again. Previous experimental input voltage to the circuit.
– Using voltmeter to measure the voltage at the speaker, while Short the input to ground should be zero volts. If it does not show that. circuit malfunction. Immediately turn off the power and check again.
If the voltage is zero. The next step is to adjust Idle current of circuit. Using an ammeter. The power of the positive or negative voltage. VR1 adjusts to the current 80-100 mA.
Turn off the power supply to the circuit. Remove the ammeter and the Short Line Input out. Power supply to the circuit again with the input signal to the point. input will be heard from the speakers as needed.
When used with a full load and continuous for a long time. The cooling fans should be used to set the power MOSFET. The key is indispensable. Another possibility is speaker protection. Which must be used with a high power amplifier. The relay contacts are big as well.
mosfet power amplifier
If this is hard or you can find the parts or others. Please look these projects below.