Here is LM386 stereo audio amplifier circuit, 2 watts. Using 3 ICs in a bridge model. It is cheap and easy to builds for a beginner.
In normal we use LM386 as a small amplifier. It can give an output power is 500mW to 700mW. But this circuit is special. The designer set the circuit is the bridge mode in a stereo system.
So, they can be saved one IC. And have power about 4 times of general OCL amplifier.
Max power of this circuit is 2 watts + 2 watts.
A basic of amplifier
The characteristics of the general amplifier, Figure 1. Connect an output directly to a positive of a speaker and the negative terminal to the ground.
Figure 1 the normal amplifiers
And, suppose we set the gain of a power amplifier is about 2 times.
If an input signal is 1 volt, the output equals:
1-volt x 2 times = 2 volts
Remember Figure 1. What is more?
Bridged amplifier working
Look: Figure 2
We add the amplifier 2 into the amplifier section 2.
What the difference is between Figure1 and Figure 2?
The main feature.
- Figure 1—The gain is about 2 times only.
- Figure 2— The gain is as much as 4 times.
Which is better?
You begin interested in Figure 2, right? We called a bridge amplifier form.
Sure its power is higher loud than the first model. Some called the BTL model (Bridge output Transformerless). Advantage, not require the high voltage power supply. And can provide high power magnification.
Figure 2: Basis of BTL- Bridge amplifier model
The sound from the speakers in Figure 2 is 2 times of Figure 1.
Some may wonder why bridge amplifier is high power than normal?
Both amplifiers are the same gain. But amplifier 2 works inverting phase of amplifier 1.
Imagine, it is similar we connect both batteries, different polarity. The total voltage is both batteries.
But in contrast.
Do not connect the output together. It is a short circuit until both amplifiers run too much power. Sure, they damaged.
Not only that. If we can get LM386 to build a stereo amplifier with bridge mode.
Sound good, doesn’t it?
See in the circuit below.
How circuit work
In Figure 3 is fully of LM386 stereo circuit, 2 watts.
Figure 3: LM386 stereo amplifier in bridge 2 watts
Let me explain why it works in simple ways. Here is the step-by-step process.
- Apply 6V power supply to the circuit.
- Then, enter audio signals into the input.
- Adjust VR1 to turn volume up-down.
- Three IC1, IC2, and IC3 are the heart of the circuit, each IC includes resistors and capacitors connected with the appropriate values.
To give power up to 700mW to 1W (from datasheet).
- Both IC1 and IC2 work together to increase the sound output to the loudspeaker, in the left channel.
- At the same times, IC2 and IC3 will work together, too. To amplifier to the right speaker. Equal to wattage is about 2 watts.
- We will see using 3 ICs each unit is 1 watt. But it was a combination of all the 4 watts. Profits of 1 watt.
Hey! This is low watts for you, right?
The parts you will need
IC1-IC3: LM386, Mini Amplifier
Resistors 0.25W, tolerance: 5%
R1, R3: 47K
R2, R4, R5: 10 ohms
C1, C8: 4.7uF 50V
C2, C5, C9: 22uF 16V
C4, C7, C11, C12: 470uF 10V
C3, C6, C10: 0.047uF 50V
VR1: 10K (A) Potentiometer
LED1: LED as you like.
Switches, PCB, Box, wires and more.
How to builds
First of all, find all parts as the list in the circuit diagram.
This circuit use can build on the Universal PCB. Fast and Cheap.
However, if you want to use PCB layout see below.
The actual size of single-side PCB layout.
Component and wiring Layout
Here are a few related posts you may find helpful, too:
- TDA7052 amplifier | Low voltage 3V, 5V | 1 W BTL
- TDA2030 Bridge amplifier circuit
- TDA2822 stereo amplifier circuit with PCB & datasheet
I love electronics. I have learned them by creating the Electronic Circuits and Simple projects to teach my children. Most importantly I hope sharing our experience on this site will be helpful to you.
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