This is Simple non-contact voltage tester using transistors next one circuit that use all transistor as main, it is a cheap and easy build. Which many friends likeNon contact AC Detector Voltage. It uses CD4060 as main, some people say that Can not find it.
Today I would like to introduce another interesting cycle, because of the transistor. It is certainly easy to buy. And also a simple circuit intact.
How does circuit work
As Figure 1 is complete circuit diagram of this project. We see that and happy since it is simple for all.
We use main principle with a very high gain amplifier by three transistor Q1,Q2,Q3 are 2N3904 NPN type with popular to use in many circuit. They have about 8,000 gain so they have a very high sensitivity, when we take some wire about 10 cm connect to base of Q1 it will acts as a RF antenna.
Figure 1 the complete simple Non-contact AC mains voltage detector.
As you well know that when AC-line flow to any wires it will have The electromagnetic field spread out.
Thus when we take the antenna or probe near any wires will have This signal will be induced to expand the force which it will have 60Hz or 50HZ as our main frequency. Then we use the simple buzzer circuit to indicator hum tone as AC main frequency and there is also LED display (LED1) flashing.
The simple buzzer you please read Make simple electronic buzzer.
The component list
Q1-Q4—2N3904, 0.4A 40V NPN transistors = 4 pcs.
Q5—2N3906, 0.4A 40V PNP transistors = 1 pcs.
0.25 watts Resistors
R1—1M = 1 pcs.
R2—100K = 1 pcs.
R3—56K = 1 pcs.
R4—1K = 1 pcs.
R5—100 ohms = 1 pcs.
C1—0.047uF 50V, Ceramic capacitors = 1 pcs.
C2—10uF 25V, Electrolytic capacitors = 1 pcs.
LED1—Color as you want = 1 pcs.
Speaker 8 ohms = 1 pcs.
S1—SPDT switch on-off = 1 pcs.
9 volts battery
How to build and application
This project we can assemble them on perforated board as Figure 2. We not need to setting it since no potentiometer,just press S1 to turn on then already to use so well.
Figure 2 The prototype we assemble on small perforated board size.
Remember Do not use probe or antenna touch to AC-main directly. This circuit will damage and we will also danger from high voltage.
As the video below we will see that when to take this tool to near the electromagnetic field such as Main, Lamp, monitor, Microwave, laptop, computer and etc. LED1 will flash and we hear hum tone sound.
I hope this tool will help you safe your body and money it really easy for you.
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