Temperature detector circuit with buzzer alarm

You are boiling hot water. How it alarms when 40 degrees Celsius. You should build the simple temperature detector circuit diagram with a buzzer alarm. It can check a changing of temperature. It is so real easy project.

Also, you can apply them to various temperature detectors. For example
Heat – cold water and many others. Follow imagine yourselves.

How does it work
Figure 1 shows the circuit diagram. In circuit has main components.

  • LM335Z is a good temperature sensor IC.
  • TL071 is a comparator op-amp
  • Alarm with Buzzer.

First of all, R1 limits the current to about 1 mA to IC1(LM335Z).

The-temperature-detector-circuit


Figure 1—the temperature detector circuit diagram

Then, VR1 adjusts an output voltage to pin 2 (inverting) of IC2.

While, the R2, VR2, R3 are the reference voltage to the comparator at pin 3 (non-inverting). Both resistors R2 and R3 are a voltage divider. And the VR2 adjusts the voltage or the sensitivity of the temperature detector.

The voltage across VR2 is in a range of about 2.8 to 3.3V. Which it is comparable to the temperature range of about 268 to 337 degrees Kelvin, or -5 To 64 degrees Celsius.

You can set the temperature according to want. Since the temperature sensors IC1 can apply from -40 to +100 degrees Celsius.

For VR3 adjust the offset voltage of the input to IC2 (TL071C). To get the output voltage at pin 6 is 0 volts. When input voltage at pin 2 and pin 3 is the same value.

We come back to see it works.

When IC1 detects a temperature less than the VR1 setting. It makes the input voltage at pin 3 more than the voltage at pin 2.

Thus, the output voltage out of pin 6 to be high, to close about 9 volts. This causes Q1 to switch off and buzzer will sound off.

If the temperature starts into higher than the preset value. The voltage is at pin 2 will be more than at pin3.

Thus, the voltage at pin 6 is lower or around 1.3 volts. This causes Q1 to works and buzzer emit loudly.

‘Keep reading: Temperature controlled on off relay circuit using LM393’ »

How to build this projects
We assemble all components on a universal PCB as Figure 2. Since it is fast and saving our money. Also, you can apply this to design a good PCB layout.

But this a little project, you can do it.

the-components-layout-on-the-universal-pcb

Figure 2—the components layout on the universal PCB.

The component lists
Resistors size ¼W +5%
R1—5.6K
R2—8.2K
R3—3.9K
R4—470 ohm
VR1—10K POT trimmers
VR2—1K POT trimmers.
VR3—100K POT trimmers.
The semiconductor
IC1—LM335Z
IC2—TL071C
Q1—BC327
Others
Buzzer 9V
Battery 9V with terminal
The universal PCB

‘Keep reading: Automatic Fan Controller circuit’ »

This Post Has 4 Comments

  1. will this project on bread board

  2. It’s a pity that such a poor English makes this website almost useless

    1. Hello Garouda Hanouman,
      Thanks for your feedback. I will rewrite all article.
      I hope you come back to visit my site again.

  3. does TL071C(or TL081C,TL082C etc.) work under 273,3 degrees Kelvin? This information important an another circuit for me.

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