Many years ago, I built the first Variable power supply using LM317. Now, I have still used it. But if you need to use a 3A adjustable voltage regulator. This circuit is using LM317 with a pass transistor circuit for 5 important reasons. First, it is a high-quality power supply. Second, the output current is up to 3A. Third, adjust the output voltage of 1.25V to 20V. Fourth, adjust the voltage in the step of 3V, 6V, 9V, 12V. Finally, use a normal component, LM317, 2N3055, and more.
So, it is very easy to do.
Working of 3A Adjustable voltage regulator circuit
In the 3A adjustable voltage regulator circuit above.
First of all, get an AC main to the circuit. It comes to T1 through S1 and F1.
- S1—power switch to on-off.
- F1—0.5A fuse to protect the circuit when overcurrent.
- T1— The step-down transformer converts AC-main to the low ACV, 18V at 3A current.
Then, the AC18V comes to a diode bridge-BD1, to rectify ACV to DCV, pulsed DC.
Next, the capacitor-C1 filters which becomes the pulsed DC.
We called the unregulated supply.
While some current flows R6 and LED1. The LED1 shows power on. And the R6 limits the current to save LED1
Then, the unregulated voltage comes to an input of IC1 through R1. The IC1 is the main, DC variable voltage regulator IC, the famous LM317. It will make the output voltage is very steady.
The current boosting circuit for LM317
Above I said the circuit can power the 3A output current. But as we know LM317 can power out of 1.5A. What can we do? To increase it up! We help it with the transistors.
And R1 limits current to IC1. The voltage across R1 causes a current biased to Q2, driver transistor. R2 is a current limiting resistor of Q2.
When Q2 conducts, the high current will flow its collector and emitter to the base of Q1, the power transistor.
The Q1 is running because it gets a current bias, There is a voltage across R3.
Thus, the high power current will flow through the collector and emitter to the output, in the max current.
If you need a high current of the output. It depends on 3 important things:
- First, the current of the transformer.
- Second, the current of the diode bridge.
- Third, the capacitance of C1. It is enough.
- 0-50V variable power supply, at 3A
- 0-30V 1A transistor Variable power supply
- 5V to 1.5V DC to DC Converter circuit using LM317
Adjusting the output voltage
The circuit has two options you can choose.
- Fine mode
—When we switch the S2-selector to the fine mode. We can rotate the variable resistor-VR1 to change the output voltage, from about 1.25V to 20V.
If you do not understand clearly. Please back to see:
My first LM317 Variable Power Supply (1.2V to 30V at 1A)
- Stepping Mode
When we switch S2 to the step mode. We often use the same does not change For example 9V, and 12V to uses it instead of a battery. Thus this option is so good. You can rotate S3 to select voltage out of 3V, 6V, 9V, and 12V.
The S3 is a 2P4T 2 Pole 4 Position Rotary Switch Selector. We use this type of switch to reduce the problem of maximum output voltage. As we twist the voltage selector switch, S3/2 disconnects power from the output.
You can add more voltage range with some resistors at the S3.
See the feature like this circuit:
1.5V, 3V, 4.5V, 5V, 6V, 9V LM317 Selector Supply
The function of components
C2-filter capacitor eliminates the power spike voltage before comes to LM317.
C6-capacitor filters DC voltage to smooth better, low noise.
IC1: LM317T, 3 terminal positive adjustable regulator
Q1: 2N3055, 15A 60V NPN transistor.
Q2: TIP32, 4A, 60V PNP transistor.
C1: 6,800µF 35V
C3: 33µF 35V
C2: 0.01µF 50V, Ceramic Capacitor.
R1: 15Ω, 1W Resistor.
Resistor 0.5W, tolerance: 5%
R6, R11: 1K
T1: 3A, 18V transformer
LED1: color as you need
S1: Power switch
S2: SPDT switch
S3: Selector switch—see text
PCB, Heatsink, and others…
Build 3A adjustable voltage regulator
This project has a few parts. I may solder the components onto the perforated board. Place position equipment according to the circuit. Figure 2 the PCB layout.
And assemble all components as Figure 3.
The Q1 should be held on a large heat sink. It is very hot for use.
The switches are connected correctly.
If you are a beginner must check and check, before entering the power, should review several times. To prevent damage!
In particular, Position legs of diodes, electrolytic capacitors, transistors, IC1.
If something is not wrong, you will have the full power 3A, which is talented enough to, show you how. “I make with myself, have a proud and active needs, in save”.
Figure 2: The PCB layout of the LM317 adjustable voltage regulator circuit
Figure 3: assemble all components layout to the PCB.
Be careful polarity component
Some components have the polarity. For example, electrolytic capacitors, diodes, LM317, LM337, etc. If you incorrect them. Your circuit does not work. Event them damage.
Also, LM317 adjustable voltage regulator
Also this project we can use LM350 to make 1.2V to 25V at 3A Adjustable Regulator instead. Thanks, Mr. OHM 1970 suggests that us just remove both transistors.
You may not like it. Because of large and expensive.
See the below circuits better!
- 30V Dual Adjustable voltage regulator:
So well circuit, start voltage at zero voltage! and a higher maximum at 60 volts.
- Dual power supply 3V,5V,6V,9V,12,15V
Selects volts easily. and cheap for all the jobs.
- LM338, 5A Variable regulator :
Better life with high current in the same voltage 1.25V to 30V.
I love electronics. I have learned them by creating the Electronic Circuits and Simple projects to teach my children. Most importantly I hope sharing our experience on this site will be helpful to you.