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Simple Voltage regulator using 2N3055

You want to use DC regulator or learn about voltage regulator using 2N3055.  There is a lot of circuits using 2N3055.  Now we recommend you 2 circuit diagram. Both circuits use a Zener diode and transistor.

Here are 12V 1A linear regulator using a transistor and Zener diode. It is a series voltage regulator because the load current passes through the series transistor. As the circuit diagram below, The input terminal wants an unregulated DC supply,15V to 20V. Then, the regulated voltage will come out to the load.

voltage regulator using 2N3055


12V 1A linear voltage regulator using 2n3055 transistor and Zener diode

To begin with, An electrical current flows through the resistor-R1 to limits current to the Zener diode. So it provides the reference voltage.
In the same, the base voltage of transistor-Q1 is also a constant.

When ZD1 is 12V, the base voltage is also the 12 volts.

If we set the transistor in this form. The output voltage is the same as the Zener diode voltage. And we always call this that emitter follower. In practice, the voltage of output is lower than ZD1. Because when a transistor is working. It needs to has a base-emitter voltage.

  • VBE = Base-Emitter voltage
  • VZD = Zener diode voltage
  • Vout = Output voltage

Vout = VZD – VBE
VBe = 0.6V
Vout = 12V – 0.6V = 11.4V

This voltage is still suitable for many loads using the 12V supply such as a receiver radios.

Since it is a power supply that regulates a certain power output.

In the circuit, the transistor has a proper gain and changing of VBE help it.

  • When a load use more current. In general, the output voltage is low down. But the base-emitter voltage rises up, transistor Q1 works more. So it keeps the output voltage to be a constant level.
  • Then, if load use less current. The output voltage increase. But the output is still a fixed voltage. Because the voltage of Base-emitter less, transistor Q1 works less too.

The advantage of this circuit, we can use a tiny current to Zener diode and base of a transistor. Thus, it has a much more stabilized output.

The function of Others components

  • C1 is a smoothing capacitor at an input.
  • C2 keeps the reference voltage to be stable better.
  • C3 is a 0.047uF decoupler capacitor to filter out the transient noise.
  • R1 increases the stability of the load circuit
  • Do you know what is transient noise?
    The power supply has a stray magnetic field. The circuit will induct them into the transient noise. The transistor-2N3055 can power load current up to 2A. But it is so hot. It so needs a proper heatsink.

38V Power Supply Using 2N3055

My friend is learning about CNC, he wants a 38V Regulated Power Supply for servo motor. We have many ways to use it, but what is best for him. This circuit is one of the right choices. Because he has all the equipment. No need to buy a new one.


How this circuit works

We use the Simple Zener diode voltage regulator as main ideas, and two transistors to increase current to the load at 1A-2A.

38v-regulated-dc-power-supply

This regulated power supply included a transformer-T1, a bridge-D1…D4, and the 38V DC filtering voltage regulator circuits, which consists of C1, C2, R1, R2, R3, Q1, and Q2.

When 230VA or 120VAC (USA) is provided, step-down transformer-T1 changes power line AC to about 30VAC. The full-wave rectifier bridge, D1 through D4 to rectifies the AC into pulsating DC, then filtered by C1.

The capacitor C1, C3 acts as the storage capacitor or filters the noise and spikes off the AC. The 40V Zener Diode-ZD1 keeps the voltage constant across the base of BD139 NPN transistor-Q1 and Q2-2N3055 as the Darlington form, The electrolytic capacitor-C2 is used for the smoothed Zener voltage. This makes the 38V constant voltage and high power across resistor R3 and the (+) and (-) output terminals.

When the output is connected with the low resistance load, the power transistor-Q2 will get very hot, so we always use a heat sink on it.

Parts will you need
Semiconductors:
D1-D1: 1N4002, 100V 1A Diodes
ZD1: 40V 1w Zener Diode
Q1: BD139, 80V 1.5A NPN Transistor
Q2: 2N3055 or TIP3055 100V, 15A, NPN transistor

Resistors (All 0.25 watt,5% metal/carbon film, Unless stated otherwise)
R1, R3: 3.9K
R2: 470 ohms

Electrolytic Capacitors
C1: 470µF 50V
C2: 47µF 50V
C3: 100µF 50V

T1: 230V or 120V AC primary to 30V,2A secondary transformer

SW1: Power ON-OFF Switch
F1: 0.5A Fuse

Note: You can use the Bridge Diode 2A-4A 200V replace D1-D4. The transformer is used 2A min for 1-2A load. This circuit has

Return to look: Transistor voltage regulator

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