Here is the variable high voltage dc power supply circuit, which we can customize the output voltage from 0 to 311Vdc, and it is protected the current over the limit that we define at about 100 mA.
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In the circuit, you can see the T1 is a mains transformer with a ratio of 1:1, for security reasons, and reduces noise signal as well.
Then the mains voltage from the T1 is rectified to DCvolt with bridge diode D1-D4, We use a No. 1N4007 that withstand voltage as 1,000V at the current 1A and this DCV is filtered through the capacitor C1 – 220uF 400V be the big size electrolytic types, by the voltage drop across C1 is about 311VDC.
The power MOSFET Q1 has controlled the current output, by using the resistor R3 – 500K adjust the voltage gate pin of Q1.
The ZENER diode ZD1-12V is available to prevent overvoltage at gate pin of the Q2 if we does not have it when high volt the Q2 may be damaged.
The transistor Q2-BC337 and the shunt resistor R2 – 3.3ohm are added as a current limiter. When the current output is too increased, the Q2 will stop the gate pin of the Q1 immediately, which will be guarding the higher current output. The degree of R3 gets from testing in this circuit, which depending on the gain of the transistor or the hFE value, so you may need to tune the value of R2
Note: The Q1 should hold a big size heatsink, it will have power around 311V x 100mA = 31 watts You can use the power MOSFET Q1 has several numbers that be N-channel, Enhancement mode, Vds=400V, Id=10.5A such as: IRF740, BUZ326 etc.
The output impedance of the power supply is defined by the beta degree of the Q1, thus the impedance of large MOSFET lower than the output impedance.
This circuit works well as Video below:
Additionally, you can see the high-voltage power circuit other. below…
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