The Variable High Voltage Power Supply 0-300V

Here is the variable high voltage dc power supply circuit, which we can customize the output voltage from 0 to 311Vdc, and it is protected the current over the limit that we define at about 100 mA.

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In the circuit, you can see the T1 is a mains transformer with a ratio of 1:1, for security reasons, and reduces noise signal as well.

The Variable High Voltage Power Supply 0-300V

Then the mains voltage from the T1 is rectified to DCvolt with bridge diode D1-D4, We use a No. 1N4007 that withstand voltage as 1,000V at the current 1A and this DCV is filtered through the capacitor C1 – 220uF 400V be the big size electrolytic types, by the voltage drop across C1 is about 311VDC.

The power MOSFET Q1 has controlled the current output, by using the resistor R3 – 500K adjust the voltage gate pin of Q1.


The ZENER diode ZD1-12V is available to prevent overvoltage at gate pin of the Q2 if we does not have it when high volt the Q2 may be damaged.

The transistor Q2-BC337 and the shunt resistor R2 – 3.3ohm are added as a current limiter. When the current output is too increased, the Q2 will stop the gate pin of the Q1 immediately, which will be guarding the higher current output. The degree of R3 gets from testing in this circuit, which depending on the gain of the transistor or the hFE value, so you may need to tune the value of R2

Note: The Q1 should hold a big size heatsink, it will have power around 311V x 100mA = 31 watts You can use the power MOSFET Q1 has several numbers that be N-channel, Enhancement mode, Vds=400V, Id=10.5A such as: IRF740, BUZ326 etc.
The output impedance of the power supply is defined by the beta degree of the Q1, thus the impedance of large MOSFET lower than the output impedance.

This circuit works well as Video below:

Thanks

Additionally, you can see the high-voltage power circuit other. below…

  1. 3 High Volts power supply circuits ideas
  2. 12V to 300V DC-DC converter circuit

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Toni Ipnos

I would like to know what is the wattage of the resistors, and in particular how many watts should be 3.3 ohms R2.
Thank you. Toni Hypnos.

Vorrei sapere qual è la potenza in watt delle resistenze e in particolare di quanti watt deve essere la R2 da 3,3 Ohm.
Grazie. Toni Ipnos.

vijay

How we can very output voltage???????????/
and what is total cost if we are going to implement………..

Tom Hof

Hi guys,

I am currently working on this schematic in eagle. I’ve worked out everything so far, until I ran into the trafo. I would like to know what kind of trafo it is.

Tom Hof

Hi guys, me again.

Is there any datasheet available for all the parts?

Toni Ipnos

Thank you for giving a sign of life, but do not tell me what power in WATTS should be the resistance of 3.3 ohms.

Grazie per aver dato un segno di vita, ma non mi dite di quale potere in WATT dovrebbe essere la resistenza da 3,3 ohm.

Subham

what is the value of the transformer T1?
please reply as quick as possible

natz

what is the value of transformer T1 in The variable high voltage power supply 0-300V..

Lebowski

If you cannot figure out the resistor’s power rating and which transformer you need for this circuit, it might not be a good idea for you to build this circuit 🙂

Richard

The specification of all the parts are in the text, or can be easily calculated from the circuit.
This power supply could kill you, if you don’t understand what you are using and take adequate precautions.

Juliano Oliveira

Hello, I can use this circuit to 200mA? Thank´s

Dean Savage

How do you maintain 0-300vdc, the 500k pot and 400k gets no where close to 0 output not even with a 1k/100w load.

john

How to make a 0-300V/2A Variable Voltage
Thanks!!!

mehdi

hi
i want use this “variable high voltage power supply 0-300V” for PWM motor ,but my motor have 3.5 AMP and 180 DC,pleas help me

thanks

joe

the use of a N-Channel MOSFET as a a high-side power switch (i.e., drain tied to V+ and the source feeding the circuit and subsequently the load beyond that), the FET will not turn completely ‘on’ by simply bringing the gate voltage up to V+. You will need to bring the gate voltage ABOVE the rail voltage to get the FET to turn completely on. which simply means that circuit will never conduct the full current its capable off; i would be greatly interested in just how much current this circuit could supply.. i myself am looking at 500ma, so… Read more »

Todd

I’m curious. Assuming the zener is indestructible and its purpose is to keep the base voltage of Q2 12V, wouldn’t it restrict the output to 12V max, no matter where VR1 is set?

6P1P

The video is belong to my experiment, I have slightly modified the circuit to maintenance 300VDC, I add a 100K resistor in between B+ and 500K , and i add a 24V x 12 = 294V zener parrallel with 500K. I didn’t use MOSFET because i don’t have on hand i ‘m using FGA25N120ANTD 1200V 25A IGBT , i think any MOSFET will work as long as the Vds can withstand 400V and above. I’m Using the transformer is design for valve/tube amplifier, having output 230V and 6.3V, the 6.3V winding i use to power the digital voltmeter for voltage… Read more »

Toni Ipnos

Hi, I’m an amateur with little knowledge in electronics. I need to electrolytic experiments, a power supply that has high voltage like yours, but the current must be adjustable up to a maximum of 25 or better 20 milliamperes. Where and how should I act on your plan to get what I need? Advance infinite thanks.
Toni Ipnos.

Toni Ipnos

Please answer me, even if it negatively?

Jack Schmidling

I am trying to use this circuit to control a sewing machine for better low speed control. Being in the US, it wants to run on 110VAC.

It works very well but the current limit does not seem to work. I need about 500mA so a 1 ohm resistor should be about right but it makes no difference what the value is. I get full power out even using a 10 Ohm resistor.

I am using a 2N3904 NPN if that makes any difference.

Any ideas?

Jack
Marengo, Illinois

Toni Ipnos

Because all of these questions are unanswered?
Why do not you answer?

Javier Ruiz

Si los elementos de la figura los selecciono para que permitan circular mayor corriente, ¿podria tener la misma fuente de 0 a 300 V con corrientes muy superiores a 300 mA.
If the elements of the selected figure to allow higher current round, could have the same source of 0-300 V with much higher than 300 mA current.

saneesh e.k

would you like to give me the components details and complete details of variable powersupply 0 to 300v

Garfield

Hi.. Regarding the current sense NPN transistor Q2: When it will turn on has nothing to do with hFE, but the base-emitter on-voltage, seen in the datasheet it is 1,2v for this NPN transistor. 1,2v / 3,3 Ohm = 363 mA 363mA x 1,2v = 436 mW To get 500mA the value of R2 have to be Using the 2n3904 / BC547 NPN transistor with a base-emitter on-voltage at 0,7v will do a difference. If still keeping the 3,3 Ohm R2 resistor then: 0,7v / 3,3 Ohm = 212 mA 212mA x 0,7v = 148 mW For 500mA output: With… Read more »

Vikram Gelli N V R

I need 300V DC regulated power supply. Please let me know how to do that. Also let me know how can I eliminate the ripple in the circuit.

subhash padhiyar

hellow sir good evening
my quetion is i m repairer of electronics instrument like lcd led tv and other dental and medical instrument.
i have one smps for lcd funai tv.using ic M2303ADN 3.3v dc out put @3.5 amp capacity.so right now ic not available so any idea for equilent no for this.
please aknowledge.thanks and regards.
have a nice day.
subhash padhiyar.

Mustafa

Hi,

Its possible to increase current to 2A by using many MOSFT’s?
Thank you in advance

Mustafa

Binh

Hi
I have make one. It worked very well. The voltage output and over current protector are well too.
But i wonder why maximum current is 100mA only. Can we make it bigger?
Thanks.

rashif naufan

Hi,
I have make one, and it worked very well, but it is possible to increase the current output to 2A, 3A or higher, to replace the component T1 1:1 by 5A, Diode Bridge 6A, and then Q2 by 2N3055 ? please, i appreciate any reply or suggestions, thank you.

bert

i have put this together with if840 as 740 not available to me i used a 220 to 220 tranformer from a shaver socket even though i have 280vdc at drain of mosfet with pot full on it only gives me 110 at its output any idea why ?

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