0-50v variable power supply circuit, at 3A using LM723

This regulator is 0-50v variable power supply circuit that adjusts output voltage wide range between 0V to 50 volts, and Also important is the overcurrent protection circuit at 3 Ampere. Which it will immediately cut off.

The voltage regulation circuit because use IC-LM723 ICs will provide better performance. So it is suitable as a power supply circuits for various experiments.

Since we ever present a project of this nature many more circuits. For example:
Cheap adjustable 0-30V 2A Laboratory DC Power Supply
Regulator 0-30V 5A
High power 0-30V 20A
Bench variable power supply
0-30V 5A Variable Regulator

But them was old over for 20 years ago. Now we have a project that can be used to cover almost all applications.

Because it can adjust voltage between 0V to 50V and we use 2SC5200 transistor replace the 2N3055 old transistor (Though very ancient, relays still have many uses.)

And also apply current to 3A which better than DC Adjustable Supply 0-50 volts 2A. Hope you’ll like it.

Technical information

  • Used the transformer size 24-18-CT-18-24volts at 3-4A
  • Has an overcurrent protection to prevent damage to the circuit
  • Adjustable between 0-50 VDC (Depending upon the supply voltage used at AC IN point)
  • Can apply maximum current to 3A

The working of the circuit
As Figure 1 is the project’s circuit diagram. The AC-voltage from the transformer will flow through diode D1-D4 to the rectifier to DC voltage by has C1 act as filter voltage to smooth before sent through R1, R2 into TR5.

The circuit diagram of 0-50V 3A Variable DC power supply

Figure 1 The circuit diagram of 0-50V 3A Variable DC power supply

And there IC1 is used to control a voltage at OUT point by adjusting VR1 can adjust voltage between 0-50 volts.

The R1, R2 will function for limiting overcurrent by works together with TR1, TR2. When the current exceeded TR1 and TR2 will work and will have output voltage out of E lead of TR2 through LED1 into 2 pin of IC1.

So cause the circuit stop provide voltage. The switch-SW1 will function in reset system to restart working circuit again.

how to make variable dc power supply
This project has quite many components. You should experience a modest electronic.I am sorry for this project not have a PCB layout. But you can use the perforated PCB. As components layouts in Figure 2
The components layout and wiring
Figure 2 The components layout and wiring

Connect the transformer as shown in Figure 2 by a coil of a transformer to match our needs. Then measure the voltage at OUT. Supply power to the transformer to observe that the meter, will need to measure the voltage from 0-50V by adjusting the VR1.
As Video below.

Answer the Question
Mr balasaheb desai: You can use 15V 0 15V transformer, you not use CT or 0 terminal. I think you will have the maximum output voltage of about 40V. Yes, you can use 20K pot, But you should add 20K resistor in parallel with this 20K pot.

See in the picture below, the total resistance is 10K same in the circuit.


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