Make Simple 555 Inverter circuit using MOSFET

Do you want to learn a simple inverter circuit? The output is about 50 watts. And using a few parts and a small circuit.

Here is an IC 555 inverter circuit. Because of using 555 timer and MOSFET as main.  I experiment it to work well.

When use source is 12V battery will have the output of 220V AC 50Hz.

555 Inverter circuit using MOSFET

The principle of the circuit

I think many peoples do not like to read many words or long reading.
So please read at simple principle inverter

inverter working principle

Firstly, DC voltage from a battery gets into square wave oscillator circuit. It produces AC voltage, 50Hz frequency.  But this is too low current.

Recommended: 555 Astable pulse oscillator

What can you do? Use the power switchings such as the power transistors or MOSFETs.

But AC voltage still is 12V.   Next, Transformer inductance voltage to rises into 220V AC 50Hz to apply load.

How 555 inverter circuit works

In the circuit above is completely circuit diagram of this project. I use IC-NE555 timer is a square wave frequency generator output of 50Hz.

555 inverter circuit diagram with MOSFET

The frequency is determined with R2-resistor and C1-capacitor.

Output 555 Frequency Calculation

If you use R2 is 150K. It is 47HZ output. You may use a potentiometer-50K in series with R2. To adjust a frequency is 50HZ

MF4Me said:
“By calculation (results will vary depending on component tolerances) a good combo of common parts would be:

  • 0.2 uf (2 x 0.1 in parallel)
  • 100 Ohm for R1
  • 72K (39K and 33K in series) for R2.
Calculation of 50HZ frequency of 555

That calculates to 50.069 Hz with a 50.03 duty cycle.

That is smart accuracy. If your tolerances work out.

What is more?

Then, we use both N-type MOSFET, IRF540 (Q2, Q3) to drive a transformer coil (primary winding).

The output current at Pin 3 of IC1 will flow two ways.

  • First, through R3 to a gate of Q2.
  • Second, flows to Q1-transistor BC549 as inverter logic form to reverse signal difference first ways.

Next, the current flows to the gate of Q3 to also drive the transformer. 

It inductance low AC voltage to high volts, about 220V to 250V.  According to the condition of the battery, 12V to 14.4V.

The circuit diagram of MOSFET Inverter

The transformer I use 2A current and 12V input at output power more than 100 watts.

Here are a few related posts you may find helpful, too:

Why use MOSFET?

In circuit use IRF540 MOSFET. There are many reasons to use them.

  1.  It is easy to use.  They do not need the pre-drive transistor in Darlington is the same as normal transistors, such as TIP41, 2SC1061 etc.
  2. It can drive high current to load, 27A max.  While the transistor (TIP41) can drive load 4A max.
  3.  It is inexpensive just 0.5US only.
  4. The body is TO-220 looks like TIP41 transistor so easy to mount on a heatsink.
  5. They can use smaller heatsink than a transistor, they are not too heat.

The component list

IC1: NE555 timer IC = 1 pcs.
Q1: BC549-NPN 40V 0.5A transistors = 1 pcs.
Q2, Q3: IRF540-N CHANNEL POWER MOSFET, 100V, 27A, TO-220; 2 pcs.
C1,C2: 0.1uF 100V mylar capacitors = 2 pcs.
0.5W resistor
R1: 4.7K = 1 pcs.
R2: 120K = 1 pcs.
R3,R4: 1K = 2 pcs.
R5: 5.6K = 1 pcs.
T1: 2A 12V__CT__12V transformer = 1 pcs.
Heatsink

Building and testing of 555 inverter circuit using MOSFET

This projects I assemble components on a universal PCB board. As Figure 2, while it operated will get little hot. So use enough heatsink.

555 inverter on universal PCB board


Figure 2

Then, check the circuit for error. Please watch the video below.

When checking all no error

We will test it with 100 watts lamp at the output. Then, apply 12V battery source. You will see that. The lamp glows. But the battery voltage is slightly low. Also, the AC voltage output is 190V.

After that, We check waveform is a square wave as shown on the scope.

Note:
Some people wonder about something. I will share with you.

The electrolytic capacitors are 470uF 50V. I put it to filter a smooth current. It does not need. If you use a 12V battery, 10Ah. Because it is a stable power current source.

Ideally, if you need full 100 watts output. You need to use 8A transformer. Because of input watts = output watts = 100 watts.

When the primary coil voltage of the transformer is 12V at 100 watts.
The output current input = 100W/12V = 8A (approximately)

555 Inverter circuit project

If it not working
I feel uneasy if you build this project It does not work.

First, you need to review well, the pin of the IC, resistors, capacitors. And the important is connecting the MOSFET.

View using IRF540 legs.

Second, should do not connect the power cord to the transformer and MOSFET.

Third, check the 555 timers working, frequency generators at pin 3 first. You may use a voltmeter to measure a voltage across pin 3 and ground. You use surely oscilloscope to watch waveform.

Check out these related articles, too:

Related Posts


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177 Comments

  1. RK Chall

    Nice. I will try it soon. ThanQ for publication

  2. Mark

    Very interesting, but I build K-bridge not center-tap.
    nice work any way

  3. Francisco Mateu

    estimado amigo gracias por los envios de sus proyectos son muy util
    Saludos

  4. ErHonni

    thanks for sharing the circuit
    is there a simple way to make some changes to make the frequency adjustable?
    with a potentiometer or something?

  5. ali khani

    hi.sir thanks for inverter circuit.plz tell me another transistors if I don’t find irf540???

  6. Elijah

    I love your work,it is great though i have nov tried it. But is the wave a square or sine. Thanks. Elijah

  7. Elijah

    Sir,when i calculated the frequency using F= 1 / 0.693 * C * ( Ra + 2Rb ) ,where Ra = 4.7K , Rb = 120k and C = 0.1u , i got 58.97Hz instead of 50Hz. Please help me. Thanks

  8. Fikrul Hakim

    Hello sir.. Im trying to make this inverter using all the component listed in the above section, but i fail to produce th 220v ac.. I just want to ask.. Is there any unlisted component because when i look closer to ur circuit, there is a big black capacitor-like component. I hope u can explain about it.. Tq!

  9. i am searching for a simple easy inverter circuit & i get this i am so intersted i will made it to day…

  10. sanjed arfin

    i tried to make it but my 555 burded out and brust ed why ??

  11. Hi,sanjed arfin

    I am sorry for your IC burded.

    You should check pin of IC-555 it may short or incorrect places.

    Thanks for you feed back.

  12. sanjed arfin

    c2 should be .01uf otherwise it will burn.

  13. Hi,Elijah

    Thanks for your feedback.

    The output is square wave at around 50HZ-60HZ
    You may use potentiomer for adjust frequency.

  14. @sk sahabaj.
    IRF540 is N channel MOSFET that you can you any Mosfet which high current and voltage 33A 100V. I like it because very cheaper and easy to buy.

  15. v

    hi what can i do to increase the out put power to 200w

  16. Hi,V
    Thanks for your feedback.
    You can add Mosfet in parallel to increase current driver transformer which must change is 2 times current.

  17. v

    hi admin thank u very much for your replay ,can u tell me how to add mosfets in parallel

  18. vasudev

    do you think adding mosfets will increase the output power effectively

  19. Hi,vasudev
    For me if add mosfet in parallel it will increase current to higher.
    I should this mosfet because cheaper and easy to buy.

  20. vasudev

    hi momename
    can i use ne556 instead of ne555,because it is more efficient than ne555

  21. vasudev

    hi sorry it is not ne556 it is ne7555 which is cosmos ic

  22. vasudev

    hi according to the power relation p=i*v ,where i is current & v is voltage
    but here if we use 12-ct-12v 2amps transformer we get only 24w of output how can we get 100watts of output power (p=2amp*12volts
    =24watts) ???

  23. > Hi good friends,i have a ups with 24v battery and wont to convert it to
    > inventer to power my 110v fridge thank you.
    >

    Hi, James Abeaku okine
    I not have a 12V to 110V inverter circuit example show you.
    If you have free time you may be test your ups circuit.
    and modify them.

    or you may remove the transformer.
    To adapt circuit into this circuit https://www.eleccircuit.com/220-volts-power-inverter-using-ne555-and-mosfet/

    But you must to use zener diode or IC7812 to reduce voltage of 24V battery to 12V to supply the IC555 only.

    I am sorry for circuit ideas (in image form) since now I take my family to weekend Holiday.

    Thanks

    Momename

  24. vasudev

    hi momename does the increase in gate current increases the output power

  25. Charles

    hello Admin,

    I have made d circuit and every thing is ok…but when i put the +ve terminal its sparks and flash the 220V 20W bulb while one of the mosfets becomes very very hot and starts smoking.

    Pls help ….thanks

  26. Charles

    In the picture on the website, you used an electrolytic capacitor…?

  27. ayman

    what will be the output if i connect 12v/ 70AH
    and i need ahelp for making an 1500W inverter

  28. saurabh

    Work but 60 watt bulb is very dim not full

  29. Hi,saurabh
    Thanks for your feedback.
    If you need full watt ouput.
    You must use 100W = 12V x I? transformer.
    or 8.3A input transformer.

  30. saurabh

    Using 3 capasitor and what diagram of third capasitor

  31. Mr.Surasak

    what will be the output if i connect 12v/ 70AH
    and i need ahelp for making an 1500W inverter

  32. When battery is connected bc549 getting hot no out put voltage solution pls.

  33. Kingshuk

    Hi momename, if iput more mosfet in parralal can it increase wattege my requerement is 800w

  34. Hi,Mr.Surasak
    Thanks for visit.
    If you want fully power 1500w.
    You need to use 125A too current for me.
    and this circuit is square wave ouput.
    cannot use for motor load.

  35. Hi,Kingshuk
    Please BC549’s lead and the circuit again.
    Yes, If you connecte more mosfet in parrallel it can drive very many current load.

  36. Anjan Chatterjee

    Hi Momename
    If I connect the 8.3A transformer, then should I increase the no. of mosfet, or may I use the 8.3A 12V 100w transformer with the same circuit. Pls let me know ASAP..

  37. Hi,Anjan Chatterjee
    Thanks for visit.
    Ideally, the mosfet can drive 27A maximum.
    But we may connect them in parallel x4 pcs.
    Normal current each mosfet is 2A so easy to drive load.

    If this project work please send your photo to me.

  38. Anjan Chatterjee

    Thanks for your kind feedback Momename. I actually want to use this circuit as a travelling battery charger(phone, dslr)where I connect solar panel (12V, 70-80watt) as source. I will connect the battery charger as load, I think the charger don’t get to much watt. So I think I easily use this circuit. **Pls correct me If I am wrong..
    Thanks..
    *should I send My photo or the mentioned project photo ?

  39. Anjan Chatterjee

    Hi momename
    Thanks for your feedback..I previously checked that project. But I don’t want to carry the battery. I thought I simply connect the 12v 7-8ah solar panel directly with your this circuit(source). If I do so then will the circuit work ? I dont need power at night.
    Thanks A lot for helping me…

  40. Anjan Chatterjee

    Hi In your circuit diagram you mention Two +12 volt Dc Terminal/Point. But In your Figure 2 You put Providing +12 Volt Dc Only one Point. Can You Pls Tell Me Is The Diagram Right ? Should I provide +12 in both terminal or should I Provide +12V in one & another with -12V. And Pls also mention the points where I have to provide The +/-12 Volt in the circuit.
    waiting for your reply..
    Thanks..

  41. Saikat

    In place of bc549 transistor can I use bc547 ???

  42. Hi,Anjan Chatterjee
    In Figure circuit diagram.
    All ground is (-12V terminal)
    All +12V are joint together = +12V.

  43. saikat

    If i use 8 amp of transformer then i have to use 2 pair of mosfet?
    how many power i will get after doing this…
    Pls ans me as soon as possible,,,,…….

  44. saikat

    And through this circuit can i run a motor of 80 watt?

  45. prits

    is it okay. If i use power bjts tip122 in place of mosfets.. Will the output varry?

  46. Hi,prits
    Thanks for your feedback.
    If you ue transistor, you should too many transistors.
    In this case you may use darington transistors.

  47. Santanu Dey

    Dear Sir,
    I have build this circuit and it works absolutely fine. Kindly suggest me a battery charger circuit which i could use with this circuit and if possible suggest me how to convert this square wave inverter to a sine wave inverter.

    Regards,
    Santanu Dey

  48. Ramkrushna Kaduri

    Very simple Example of inverter working principle, thank you so much sir. small doubt sir instead of single transformer can we use 2 transformers in series? please rectify my doubt

  49. Hi,Santanu Dey
    Thanks for your feedback.
    Now I not have how to convert square wave to sine wave.
    When I have it will fast post to you.

  50. Santanu Dey

    Dear Sir,
    Thanks for your reply. Could you suggest me a battery (12v/7.2AH) charger circuit which I could use along with this inverter circuit.

    Regards,
    Santanu Dey

  51. mash

    hi all,if i use a 50Amps transformer will the circuit still work fine,P=IV so 500W=I x 12v which gives 50Amps & also what if i use pair of transformers in series.

  52. mohammadreza

    Dear Sir,
    Could you tell me if I want use that 470uf electrolytic capacitor, where should I place that in diagram?
    Could you send me the new diagram with that capacitor or your PCB and schematic files?
    Regards,

  53. Abdu Karim

    Hi sir, am asking why is Q2 very hot and Q3 very cold and vey low output of 30V.

  54. Taofiki I Akinleye

    Thanks for your display and article.pls do you have avenue on seminal or training for any intrested person

  55. mhafe

    Why is not working I use MOSFET irf3710

  56. mhafe

    Can I use a power supply as my input?but why my voltage source breakdown to 6 volt

  57. mhafe

    Hi admin..why may Q2 has no out voltage while the Q3 has output voltage of 12v

  58. sir…wt s the cost of 12 volt battery and the cost of transformer……thankyou

  59. Hi, mhafe
    Thanks for feedback.
    This circuit used for 12v battery.
    Q1 make volage different 180 degree.
    To drive transformer.

  60. thanks for your reply sir., sir do you have a diagram of a pure sine wave inverter?

  61. papay

    Can I use 24v as a battery voltage in this circuit?? Please response first I’m on it .

  62. Samar

    i have make this circuit. but this circuit is not working probably. the main problem is that ic only gives the positive voltage and does not give ground so can you plz solve the problem. what is the problem with pin 3 or ic? plz reply i am waiting for your reply.

  63. Elvedin

    Hi, did you check how much efficient is this circuit how much watts draws at primary winding and how much provides at secondary winding

  64. 470mf where he would have to be connected resistors 0.5W

  65. Elijah

    Sir,thanks for the circuit. I want to know the advantage of a sine wave over a square wave inverter. Please help me. Elijah

  66. Rohit

    Sir you dont mention the connection of heat sink in your ckt diagram
    How can i connect it

  67. UMAR Bello

    iam very happy with this, but sir the two types of the inverters i make them no any problem but sir they can’t take RED Globe.plc sir can we start communicating in other to help me with some or many ideas thanks so much (+2347064396921)

  68. akshay

    sir you dont mension the capacitor at the battery terminal side and it is very important one ,so i got the output correctly .

  69. Dies ist eine wirklich interessante Schaltung. Sie sollten diese zum PATENT anmelden. Der Wirkungsgrad von mehr als 400 Prozent ist wirklich bemerkenswert. ‘The transformer I use 2A current and 12V input at output power more than 100 watts.’
    Erreichen Sie diesen hohen Wirkungsgrad durch die unsymmetrische Ansteuerung des Transformators?
    Ich habe da einen Vorschlag für Sie. Erzeugen Sie aus den 220V wieder die 12V Speisespannung. Sie haben dann noch genug Energie über, die Sie weiter verwenden können. Gehen Sie aber sicher, daß Sie alle überschüssige Energie entnehmen. Ansonsten könnte ihnen die Schaltung aufgrund des Energieüberschusses explodieren.
    Viel Spaß, Baltuodis.

  70. suleiman

    Plz sir i want to construct a 1000watt 12VDC-220VAC inverter, (normal and fast) charging plus mosfet and circuit all on P.C.B Module i nid ur help

  71. Andrey

    VERY high losses in mosfet`s and poor efficiency!

  72. michael

    how sure is this circuit because i have build some many circuit from the internet not 1 worked.so pl’s will this circuit work?

  73. aditya

    is the transformer used a normal 230v to 12-0-12 connected as reverse or is this a special step up transformer?

  74. hi
    at first thanks for this simple circuit.bt i have a problem.from this circuit i get square wave form.bt output voltage is very small,in mv.please give me a proper solution.it is very urgent.

  75. ifran

    i made this, but it isn’t working. their is no drain voltage. what is the problem. plz let me know.

  76. i want to know output and working of each component.hw dc is converting into ac,hw mosfet works.wt output thy give..coplete function of each components along wid output

  77. Hi I want to build a inverter few year ago but i can’t find a easy to build circuit.But now i find this assome circuit.Now i can build this.
    Thanks for the project.

  78. taiye awe

    pls sir, your circuit worked well but I discovered that when I added more load, d voltage decreased. how can we make up for this pls? I believe if we can initiate a feedback unit, it will solve this problem. so where and how do we apply the feedback pls? work on this because its necessary sir.

  79. sunny

    pls sir I want to construct a 12v inverter, u need a circuit diagram

  80. sunny

    pls sir I want to construct a 12v inverter, i need
    a circuit diagram

  81. Allah dita

    I want to build up a 220 volt dc to 220 volt ac inverter

  82. mohsin khan

    Sir, which is transformer is used in this project step up or step downh . please tell me

  83. sandesh

    this circuit is very good. i tried it …it works good but very less efficiency..
    q2 is very hot but q3 is very cool…may i know the reason please…i have used 3 amp 12-0-12 transformer.
    tq

  84. khaled

    He said possible draw or sketch Print

  85. Rikchard

    i love this site.more power to your elbow

  86. hammed

    Hi sir, i saw ur project as simple and I feel in love with it,so I decided to practicalise it.I used IRF2807 instead of IRF540N and BC547 instead of BC549 bt the bulb jst light on for a few seconds n went off.since then I’ve been troubleshooting it bt cnt find where the problem lies.pls cn u help me with a solution ASAP.I really need it

  87. Daniil Krumct

    Hi sir,can I use 30amp as power mosfet such as FDB7030BL or CEP7060R?

  88. ud

    Sir can do a video of this on a breadboard (temp white board) because i ve tried the circuit it didn’t work i need ur coaching

  89. Vidyasagar Mandal

    Why used BC549 transistor

  90. Hi adarsh,
    Thanks for you question.
    You may try to use a transformer; 9V to 10V for input and 230V output.

  91. Vidyasagar Mandal

    IC 555 Timer Calculator with formulas & Equations IC 555 Timer Calculator with formulas & Equations IC 555 Timer Calculator with formulas & Equations

    Formulas and Equations for This calculator

    Frequency (f) = 1/ [ ln(2) x C x (R1 + 2R2) ]

    Frequency (f) = 1.44 / C x (R1 + 2R2) …. Where… 1/ ln(2) = 1.44

    This formula putting and get 58.9hz frequency in output 3no. pin on 555 ic why this inverter out frequency 50 hz

  92. Akhras

    I made it but it gives me low voltage 40V AC

  93. Santdev Yadav

    I made this circuit …but the output from the MOSFETs have only one output at a time ..Both MOSFETs don’t get ON simultaneously …What to do ..I have used BC 547 in place of BC 549

  94. pankaj bhagchandani

    My circuit is working but the only problem is that when i reomove and again give ground then bulb blinks but it doesnt remained ON … what can i do? please help asap!

  95. reynaldo fontamillas

    so very high tech the inverter by MOSFET perform the working 12dc to 230 ac

  96. Dharmielolah

    Am still arranging d cct together I will get back to u

  97. Dharmielolah

    I use bc547 but I notice it’s only one get switch but d other fet is off d volt frm 5.6k didn’t feed the 547 pls what should u do thanks

  98. Opu

    Thise circuit is’t work. Real time simulation faild to start

  99. ashutosh

    in the image of this project there is a capacitor but it is not mentioned in its circuit diagram. why?

  100. Eisen

    I already build the ckt the problem is the other mosfet is heating…and the output is onl 50volts AC

  101. Eisen

    Can you help me…what is the problem?

  102. finally!! After so long it worked. hey guys, one extra capacitor(470uf, 50v) is used in the circuit is important. it is used as a filter and you can connect its negative and positive through the dc supply’s -ve and +ve respectively.

    NOTE: It do not required, if you use 12V battery 10Ah because it is stable power current source.

  103. ashutosh

    i made the circuit properly as mentioned ,every components are of equal as given value but it is not generating 220v and transformer is heating very much .what to do please help me??

  104. ashutosh

    i made this circuit everything is placed correctly of right value but the circuit is not generating 220v ac and the transfermer also get heated very much.please help!!

  105. Mohit Vishwakarma

    If i want use 40 volts dc voltage as input voltage then what is the rating of all components like resister, capacitor etc….
    Plz rpy me immediately…..

  106. Zala

    It’s work good with 750ma transformer when I connect 5A 12_0_12 v transformer the ic ne555 was heat much and burn

  107. ashok

    Can i use 3A 12v-0-12v transfomer for dis circuit

  108. KUBENDHRAN A/L MUNESWARAN

    Hi bro, I like the concept you use to design circuit. I fabricate the same circuit with the same spec of all the component as you used but instead of using 12-0-12 2A transformer, I choose to use 12-0-12 4A transformer. In software simulation, I have tried using Multisim and Proteus. Sorry to say the simulation was failed. The result in real time hardware fabrication is a positive. I manage to light up a bulb but the waveform generate from oscilloscope is clamping not a square wave. The light which lights up keeps flicker. I used 12v 7.2AH battery. Did you manage to simulate this circuit in software? If so, please reply me. Thank you.

  109. pankaj mahanta

    Please help.
    Tell me the diagram that has 470 capacitor connections. My voltage is 100 volts. The first one is the project. I am weiting your ancestor … Please help.

  110. marvin lunag

    what should be substitue to bc 549

  111. marvin lunag

    pls help.
    what should be substitue to bc 549

  112. marvin lunag

    pls help.
    what should be substitute to bc 549 because that transistor is not availble in my place.

  113. amirhosein

    hi
    aim amirhosein from iran,tehran
    tanks your website
    its very very good
    tanks

  114. sam

    I connected the circuit as illustrated but whenever i connect it to the battery which is 12V 7Ah, the wires heat up and burn and no output from transformer. Please help

  115. Aerk

    You project and website are very good and benefit for Electronic working.

  116. MF4Me

    Dude, either your cap is way out of tolerance or your math is off. A 4.7K resistor for R1 results in 58.97 Hz by calculation. If peeps are putting 60 Hz into a 50 Hz transformer, they’ll have problems.

      • MF4Me

        YW. By calculation (results will vary depending on component tolerances) a good combo of common parts would be 0.2 uf (2 x 0.1 in parallel), 100 Ohm for R1 and 72K (39K and 33K in series) for R2. That calculates to 50.069 Hz with a 50.03 duty cycle. That’s smart bomb accuracy if your tolerances work out. Otherwise that should get folks close enough.

        • Wow! that’s nice. You are great.
          Your design and calculations are excellent.
          Thank you very much. It is will definitely benefit everyone.

  117. Rahul

    Kya ya battery ko charge bhi KR sakta hai

  118. Naleen

    Hi,
    Can i use sw50n06 instead of irf540 ?
    i tried, but it’s getting heated unexpectedly.

    • Hi,
      Yes, you can I just read datasheet of SW50N06: on TO-220
      FeaturesN-Channel MOSFETBVDSS (Minimum)RDS(ON) (Maximum)IDQg (Typical)PD (@TC=25 ): 60 V: 0.023ohm: 50 A: 30 nc: 130 W

      You may try it. Please cheack leg it again. I sure you can do it.

  119. Rishikesh Singh

    Hii, i have one doubt that this circuit output is 50hz sinusoidal or sqare wave? Please help me solve this problem, as i also wanted to charge my mobile phone using this and mobile charger required only sinusoidal input.
    Thanks and regards

  120. Rishikesh Singh

    Sir this circuit output is 50Hz sinosoidal or sqare wave.

    • Hello Rishikesh Singh,
      I am happy that you feel interested in this circuit. Its’ output is a square wave.

      Thanks
      Apichet

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