Here is a 1.5V to 5V boost converter circuit. Why it is interesting. Now, small electrical appliances have a microcomputer that requires a 5V power supply and a low current of less than 10mA.
The 1.5V AA battery is cheap and popular. How we can use it as a power supply for that tiny microcomputer.
Recommended: Learn Basic Electronics
Sure, we have many ways to step-up voltage. Using ICs may be a good idea. But If we are beginners or who love experimenting with basic circuits.
In this circuit, we use only small transistors.
This circuit is one of 5 DC converters using small transistors. All circuits are so easy to learn and having fun.
- DC to DC Buck converter working principle
- Switch mode LED driver circuit (Save energy)
- USB 5V to 12V DC-DC Step-Up Converter circuit
- Simple 12V transistor switching power supply
- 1.5V to 5V boost converter circuit for microcomputer
- 5V to +/- 12V boost converter circuit or higher using transistor
You should read all for more understanding.
How it works
Also, we can use the nickel-cadmium/nickel-metal hydride battery of 1.2V, alkaline battery to these appliances.
The microcomputer requires a low current power supply. This 1.5V to 5V boost converter circuit is small.
So, it can be in the game players, MP3 portable, DVD players.
This 1.5V to 5V boost converter circuit as above is applied from this boost converter into a new circuit.
If you got it, Read next
Single output version
See in the circuit below. It is the single output (5V 10mA) version.
The important is Q1, L1, and D1 like the previous circuit. But additional the Zener diode ZD1 is regulation to makes the stable output.
This circuit converts the 1.2V or 1.5V input voltage up to the 5V. While it can apply the current of 10 mA. This current level is sufficient for the general microcomputer.
Read first for beginners: How do transistor circuits work
Small LCD display Supply(Dual Voltage)
However, some appliances may have an LCD display inside. For example, game players, MP3 players, etc.
They require the -5V power supply.
We can do it easily. It becomes 5V Dual power supply, +5V at 10mA, and -5V at 0.5mA (approximately).
Look at the circuit below.
We add C4, D2, and D3. They are the simple charge pump converter, to make a negative voltage, -5V. The current of this section is about 0.5 mA.
How the circuit works
First of all, apply the current(1.5V battery) to the circuit. The current cannot flow through L1. Because Q1 does not get the bias current.
Then, Q2 starts working with the current from 1.5V. And, the current flows from the emitter to the base of Q2 through R5 to be the full circuit.
The Q2 provides the current out of the collector to be a biased current to Q1. The Q1 is conducting.
You may like to see these too.
- DC to AC Converter circuit
- DC Boost Converter circuit 3-5V to 12V-13.8V
- 12V to 24V step-up converter using TDA2004
Now, the L1 connects to the ground like a normal boost converter. But the working of Q1 makes the voltage across collector-emitter is lower. They work looks like a switch.
So, It will add quality conducting of Q2, with R3 and C2. Make this system is high performance. Also, Q1 is good working.
And, the L1 passes the high current until the maximum in linear form. After that, the polarity of the voltage across L1 changes.
The performance of this circuit is about 60%. The advantage of this circuit. The voltage drop across it is low.
While the transistor switch on the voltage across between collector-emitter is only 0.2V. But it can supply the high current.
Parts you will need
0.25W Resistors, tolerance: 5%
R1, R4: 470K
R2, R3: 100Ω
C2: 10nF (0.01µF) 50V
C4: 0.1µF 50V
C1,C5: 10µF 25V
C3: 1µF 25V
Semiconductors and others:
Q1: BC547 or BC550, 45V 0.1A, NPN TO-92 Transistor
Q2: BC557 or BC560, 45V 0.1A, PNP TO-92 Transistor
D1,D2,D3: 30V 200mA, Schottky Diode
ZD1: 5.1V 0.5W Zener Diode
L1: 270uH coil, 200mA See cheap coil
This circuit we can use many transistor like: BC546/BC547/BC548/BC549/BC550 for NPN type.
BC556/BC557/BC558/BC559/BC560 for PNP type.
This concept optimizes the performance of the power supply circuit.
- 3V to 5V boost DC converter
- USB 5V to 1.5V Step Down Converter
- High power LED flashlight with 1.5V battery
Credit: LCD display photo
I love electronics. I have learned them by creating the Electronic Circuits and Simple projects to teach my children. Most importantly I hope sharing our experience on this site will be helpful to you.