Let’s create an LED flashlight circuit or what some people called an LED torch circuit diagram. This high power LED flashlight circuit look like a torch by use on 1.5V battery only so it can be used. Since small so Easy to carry in various places. And also very bright as well.
Simplest High Power LED Flashlight
We should start with the easy things first. This is the simplest high-power LED flashlight circuit. My son made it on March 17, 2017. It has 24 super bright LEDs for display, 3 AA batteries, and a resistor to limit current. So, this circuit is easy and cheap.
How does it work
We use the white super bright LED. This type of LED is a very bright, direct beam, suitable for building a flashlight. It requires the voltage about 3.3V at 20mA current We test it as simple circuit diagram below.
We use 24 white super bright LEDs to make flashlight as the circuit diagram below. They are connected together in parallel. The each led need to use the voltage about 3.3V at 20mA current. It makes LEDs uniform high brightness, but use all current are 0.4A to 0.6A.
The 1 ohms resistor is used for limiting safe current to LEDs. In this circuit, we use a 3x AA 1.2V Ni-HM (Nickel-metal hydride) battery. So, their total voltage is 3.6V.
In the circuit above, my daughter (beginner) said it looked hard to understand. Some people might think like this. So we added an illustration that is easier to understand.
Let’s build this project
We assemble the LEDs and resistor on universal PCB Board. We use a 3 x AA battery holder with a built-in on-off switch. So, making this circuit easier.
Finally, solder all parts on PCB and wiring.
We measure all current active approximately 0.5A but very very bright.
The end, We made a Simple High power LED flashlight successfully.
Simple 1.5V LED flashlight circuit
At present, my daughter will come to modify the same circuit that my brother used to create. By she said the circuit that my brother built, it uses high current and use up to 3 batteries.
In the past, it was appropriate Because the battery is 700mAh. But at present we use a battery that has a capacity of 2400mAh. Because 700mAh batteries are rare. So we modified this circuit to use less current. And it’s better to use a single battery.
My daughter wants to build the simplest circuit or use fewer components but it works.
High Power LED flashlight circuit
The technical information
Power supply : one 1.5V AA battery.
Maximum current used 200mA
Uses 6 white LED.
Small size PCB.
How it works
As usual, the LED light when a voltage is 1.8V or 2V,
We need a way to increase the voltage to rise, by the switching supply mode in step-up DC to DC converter circuit.
Figure 1 Circuit diagram of High power 6 LED Flashlight for 1.5V AA battery.
As Figure 1 is Circuit diagram of this project. By operation of the circuit is determined by Coil and C2. Which will serve as the production cycle frequency. The LC Frequency circuit with capacitors and capacitor alternately, cause frequency.
When we apply power supply voltage to circuit, the transistor TR1 will working. Then TR2 will work as well. In the meantime, C2 will charge store current. So all LEDs will go out. But when fully charging, TR1 will stop working result C2 discharge to all LEDs glow.
Since the charging and discharging very fast, cause we see them same still brightness. The capacitor-C1 will be filter the current to smooth.
How to builds.
This project is small and a few part so we can use a perforated board. Or use real PCB as Figure 2. Then assemple all parts on PCB and wiring as Figure 3.
Figure 2 the real PCB of this project.
Figure 3 the components layout.
The L1-inductor is 100uH as Figure 4 I measure it show you. And you can use any type that look like it.
Figure 4 Coil is about 100uH.
Figure 5 The High power 6 LED Flashlight projects for 1.5V AA battery.
When completed circuit assembly Supply voltage range of 1.5V to the circuit.
Then slide the switch to position ON. The All LEDs will lit, the circuit is ready for use.
As Video below.
I want to see wavefrom across LEDs (all in parallel) through an oscilloscope panel.
We will see that high amplitupe about 3Vp-p it cause LEDs glow.
Note: AA battery we should is kind of alkali house. Because high performance
The parts list
R3: 100 ohms
C1: 220uF 16V
C2: 680pF 50V
L1: 100uH Please how to build it here
Q1: CS9012, 0.8A 40V PNP Transistors.
Q2-Q4: CS9013, 0.8A 40V NPN Transistors.
PCB, 1.5V AA Battery, etc.
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