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0-30V 20A High current adjustable power supply

This is High current and Adjustable Volt 0 to 30V 20A. It easy circuit and nice circuit, Because use IC LM338 and IC 741. The Voltage Output adjusted by VR1-1K. IC-LM338 to hold heat-sink. Transformer is 20A up.

I find this circuit, for an electronic friend, according demands of those who want the the power supply, good quality, excellent performance. Can supply the voltage from 4-20 volt and currents up to 20 amperes. or 400 watt

For use in electronic telecommunication. Transmission – radio …. more diverse, if you want Quality is important.

This project is a few pieces of equipment because the main equipment used is IC-LM338K, so this power supplies, it is incredibly cheap.
Try to build then you will like it!

How it works
The LM338K that we bring to use be DC regulator circuit on Floating type, The simple applications style of this IC As shown in Figure 1

how-to-use-lm338-ic-in-basic


How to use lm338 IC in basic

Figure 1 circuit, in normal conditions, the voltage between pin Adj and pin output is equal to a 1.25V stable that flow pass R1, R2 will have constant as well.
The output voltage be equal to the voltage at pin Adj + 1.25 volt or Calculated as follows

Vo = 1.25 (R1 + R2) / R1

In normal IC-LM338 Can supply up to 5 amps, but to load current maximum 20 amps, we will bring it to parallel.

What to watch out, when we connect many IC with parallel form, is the average current flowing through the circuit. Each equally.

The easiest way is to connect a resistor to the output pin of IC as shown in figure 2. The value of the resistors-Rs used to it, it will be much less than the R1.

Based on the circuit, we can set.

IoRs = 1.25 – Vo(R1/(R1+R2) )

And from the work of circuits set of down, will be.
IiRs = 1.25 – Vo (R1 /(R1+R2) )

From these two equations, which are all the same, it is that Io = Ii. Or simply, the current through the LM338 IC both are equal.

connecting-lm338-in-parallel-form
The connecting LM338 in parallel form

In practice, we do not circuits to use it. Since the voltage across drop Rs will change based on the current flowing through the load and Referenced voltage of IC also different from each other.

the-outside-controller-by-lm741-op-amp
The outside controller by lm741 op-amp

Therefore, we need to control external circuits. To control the voltage at pin adj, as shown in Figure 3.

From circuit will see that at pin negative of IC be to have a half voltage of output voltage and at pin positive have equal to Referenced voltage. Which is caused by a constant current flowing through the transistor to Rs and P1.

From the properties of the op-amp circuit to the regulated level output voltage output voltage that. Until have the same voltage at pin input. So the voltage at pin base of a transistor- Q1 is equal to the voltage at pin negative of IC.

The voltage these, to make changes in resistance of the transistor, causing voltage in referenced point change.

The resistance of the transistor is inversely proportional to the output voltage, to compensate for the voltage loss of Rs. Due to the does not equal flow of these load current.

high-power-dc-regulator-4-20-volts-20-amps-by-lm338
High power DC regulator 4-20 volts 20 amps by LM338

– From all principles above, we have circuits applications, as shown in Figure 4, if you want to add the IC-LM338, enabling them to be higher current.

– For transformer that can supply at least 30 amperes, and voltage secondary coil, should not be less than 18 volts.

To optimize the circuits for the capacitor-C2 should better use of 20000MF.

Parts list
IC1_____________LM741
IC2-IC5_________LM338K
Q1_____________BD140
D1_____________Bridge diode 35A
D2_____________1N4148_____ 75V 150mA Diodes
R1_____________150 ohm Resistor 1/2W
R2_____________100 ohm Resistor 1/2W
R3,R4__________4.7K Resistors 1/2W
R5-R8__________0.3 ohm Resistors 5W
C1_____________0.01uF 200V____ Polyester Capacitor
C2,C5__________4,700uF 50V____Electrolytic Capacitors
C3_____________0.1uF 63V_____ Polyester Capacitor
C4_____________10uF 25V tan
C6_____________47uF 35V ____ Electrolytic Capacitors

high-power-dc-regulator-4-20-volts-20-amps-by-lm338
PCB of high power DC regulator-4-20-volts-20-amps

Build 20A High current adjustable power supply

-All the devices in the circuits. Devices can be soldered onto the PCB as shown in Figure 5. Unless you change the input capacitor-C2 has increased these. I will have to install it on outside of PCB.

-Bridge diode must be attached heat sink neatly. To help extend the life and durability.
-For IC-LM338 that you need to install on a big size heatsink as well. Be careful, the body of the IC to the heat sink Short decisively.

-When all is finished soldering equipment, test input AC power to this project, then adjust VR1 until the output voltage as needed, and test the Load and adjust VR1 until the output voltage is the voltage should be unchanged.

This Post Has 26 Comments

  1. its very usfulfor ples tell can i add mor LM 338 for more current in this circuit

    thanks

  2. Yes. any additional LM338 is additional 5A.

  3. Ahmed. Remember that if the current increases that you should consider the size transformer also.

  4. hi,

    Will a 110vac transformer work with this project as long as it provides at least 18vac and 30A?

    Thanks,
    Randy

  5. “To optimize the circuits for the capacitor-C2 should better use of 20000MF”

    Where can I get a 20000MF? Does MF stand for Mega-Farad?

  6. Hi, for works a transformer 15vac – 12Anp.
    3 -LM338 it is good to work? the circuit and pcb,
    work with less resistor and less LM338? thank for help.

  7. Hi,
    Is it 5 Watts enough for 0.3 ohm resistors? If 5 Amps(peak 7A) current flow, what is the voltage should be? 1V? I don’t understand how this circuit works? I don’t want to copy – paste. I must know how its works. Because it will be voltage regulator of the my school project. I have to write a report. So, can you explain the circuit?
    Please help me.
    Thanks..

  8. Bonjour, je cherche le schéma d’une alimentation régulé et stabilisé, réglable de 24 v a 30 v et de 40 ampères ; auriez vous cela ? merci

  9. Lm338 k circuits R1 , R2 5v 20ampes R1, R2 value please

  10. I built this and worked flawlessly, I use a 10.000 uF capacitor on the Vin, thx

  11. Can i attach a 42 volt 25amp transformer, will lm338k can handle upto 50 volts??
    and what modification i’ll have to do with capacitor….

  12. no Jaydeep, it will now work properly with 50v, I built a power supply recently and the transformer was 24 + 24v which rectified and filteres was giving around 52v , the regulation worked but the ability to provide current was zero. when I modified the input to be 24v then the lm338k magically started delivering current. properly.

  13. Ty Mario…it did’t worked at 50v, i had to reduce to 28v….but it worked and was delivering upto 10amps as my requirement.

  14. can i use this transformer

  15. Hello, I’ve seen your site and it is quite interesting, and I have a question:
    – can you design me (not for free, of course) an circuit to stepdown voltage for car headlamps (dimmer), from 12-14 v to 8 v, by using an LMC555CM and an IRF1405?

    Best regards,

    Dorin

  16. How I can do CV & CC Mode power supply above this LM338K circuits?

  17. Hello. I just want to confirm with you if this circuit is capable to have deliver 0 to 30 V ? And last thing, can i buy this PCB – if yes from where pls?

    Thanks

  18. Hai, can u please give me a solution for my question it is that how to produce 7amps current as an output by giving dc voltage as a input one important thing is without using transformer please help me guys

  19. details of diode bridge please. its urgent

  20. Can I use this as battery charger? tnx.

  21. can i confirm if this circuit is a single layer pcb board?

  22. Hello,
    Can I use a TIP3055 or other power transistor instead of the LM338? If the transformer primary voltage is 24 volts, how is the effect of the circuit (such as resistor and capacitor values)?

  23. size pcb?

    1. Hi, Kris.
      I am not sure. The PCB size. I suggest you print it with a laser printer in scale 300dpi per inches.
      It may be real size.
      I am sorry. I never build this circuit. it is a very old circuit. It may useful or a good idea for you.
      Have a good day!

  24. how can i make it to auto cut off full charge indicator using a relay?heres my email add [email protected]. anyways thank you so much for the effort,really much appreciated

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