Many Electronic circuit projects in simple ways of learning

6V, 12V, 24V Lead acid battery charger using LM317

I am going to show you LM317 lead-acid battery charger circuit.

I like this type of battery because of so cheap. You too, right?

This lead-acid battery charger project for 6V, 12V, and 24V battery. Although there are many methods to choose from.

But you may be missed If not read this post to end.

4 Lead acid battery charging circuit using LM317

Often I like to use LM317 as a power supply. Because it is so easy to use, with a few parts. And important cheap, too.

Why use LM317?

If your main goal is to use the battery for a long time. You have enough backup batteries. For your work without interruption.

Did you know we can recharge batteries almost five hundred times? But must be recharged with the correct method.

It is easy.

Manufacturers always print the appropriate voltage and current for charging the battery.

The important thing is heat while charging the battery.

It is natural of electronic parts. If it is hot. It has a short life. The battery, too.

And the heat is caused by the voltage and current levels are too high

Most problem is too high voltage level. Should not normally exceed 14V.

When we use LM317 to maintain a constant voltage. So, It is great.

Of course, these circuit below is not an instant circuit. Perhaps great ideas may be the best ways for you to improve your electronics skills.

Note: Though this project is good. But it may difficult to build and expensive. I love these projects better: Simple auto cut off 12V battery charger

Here are 4 circuit ideas. Ready to get started?

6V-12V Lead Acid battery charger using LM317

Imagine you have both batteries 12V and 6V. You may be interested in this lead acid battery charger circuit.

Because…

It can charge both 6V and 12V two in one by choosing of S2-switch.

Look: in the circuit below.

At output current max 1.5A as limiting current of LM317K.

6V or 12V Lead Acid battery charger using LM317

How it works

When you see the circuit. It looks like a DC voltage regulated power supply using LM317. Some love this circuit. any circuit requires energy.

The first section, T1, S1, D1-D4, C1, and C2 are an unregulated power supply. Do you know about them? I guess you will understand it. And you may read it more.

They will reduce AC main voltage down to 21V DC.

Have you ever wonder about the value of these parts?

Yes, the designer has an interested concept. I like 2 things.

Transformer—when we use 1.5A output current. So should 2A transformer. And the output voltage is about 15VDC (approximately).
So, input voltage of LM317 should be about 17V to 22V DC. Because if over-voltage it is easy to hot. But too low is not keep a constant voltage well.

Filter Capacitor—We need full output power and low ripple voltage. According to basic principles, we should use the capacitance of C1 and C2. The 2,200uF per 1A input. So, the filter capacitor is 4,400uF(2,200uF+2,200uF).


Then, see in LM317 Regulator section. We know to change R3 and R2 to set the output voltage. Which control with S2.

  • Closed switch S2 for 6V battery charger. —See R2 and R3 connect together in parallel. It makes the output voltage is about 7 volts.
  • Opened switch S2 for 12V battery. In contrast, R2 runs only is high resistance than two. So, output voltage is about 14 volts.

Are you understand?

The diode D3 and D4 help protect a reverse voltage from an output load. It will over current up until fuse is blown. And protect charging with the wrong polarity.

Parts you will need

IC1: LM317K Variable voltage regulator TO-3
D1-D4: 1N5402, 3A 200V Diodes
D5,D6: MBR1545 Schottky Diodes & Rectifiers 16A
C1,C2: 2,200uF 35V Electrolytics
C3: 47uF 25V electrolytic.
0.25W Resistors, 5% tolerance
R1: 220 ohms
R2: 2.2k
R3: 1.8K
S2: Toggle SPST Switch
S1: ON-OFF SPST switch
F1: Fuse 0.5A or 1A
F2: Fuse 2A
T1: 117V/230V AC primary to 15V,2A secondary transformer

See: LM317K pinout

12V lead acid battery charger using LM317K

Suppose that you have Dry cell lead-acid battery, 12V 7.5hA sizes. And you need a battery charger, simple and economize. Also, you have 18V unregulated power supply.

I recommend the circuit diagram below. It uses LM317K as main too.

This circuit has the principle is simple. And can keep a stable voltage at 13.5 volts. By setting of R2 and R2.

12V lead acid battery charger using lm317k

Which you may use current 1A to take time charging about 8 hours or 10 hours. Then, It will have full electric energy.

Also, above circuit, it has D1 protect a reverse voltage from an output load. With Furse blow to cut off the circuit.

See LED1 shows correct polarity current connection. And D2 connected in reverse biased to show a wrong battery connecting.

Parts you will need

IC1: LM317K Variable voltage regulator TO-3
D1: MBR1545CT Schottky Diodes & Rectifiers 16A
C1: 2,200uF 35V Electrolytics
C3: 47uF 25V electrolytic
C2: 0.1uF 50V Ceramic capacitor
0.25W Resistors, 5% tolerance
R1: 220 ohms
R2: 43 ohms
R3: 2.2K
R4: 1K
LED1: Green 5mm LED
LED2: Red 5mm LED
F1: 2A Fuse

24V Automatic Charger and Full charged indicator

This is a 24V automatic charger circuit and Fully charged indicator.

Look:

Automatic charger and full charged indicator using LM317 TL431

Imagine you have 24V battery, 10Ah. You can also use LM317K to build a 24V lead-acid charger circuit for this battery.

It requires a stable current about 1.5A and 27volts constant voltage.

They are similar to the above circuit.

Here is the step-by-step process.

First, it has DC unregulated power supply, 35VDC at 2A is across C1.

This is a voltage input of LM317K. Which it can withstand voltage up to 40V.

Then, LM317 and other parts keep stable voltage at 27V. We adjust VR1 to set this voltage.

When the battery is fully charged or using current more than 2A. The R6 is a polyswitch. It will cut off the current to the battery.

Full Charged indicator—when full charging the battery voltage up to 27V. The TL431 will recognize this voltage level. Then, turn on LED1 to light up immediately.

Also, above circuit, D5 protect a reversed voltage from the battery.
And, R6 cut off this current too.

IC1 should hold with a large heat sink.

Parts you will need

IC1: LM317K Variable voltage regulator TO-3
IC2: TL431 Precision Shunt Regulator TO-92
D1-D5: 1N5402, 3A 200V Diodes
C1: 2,200uF 50V Electrolytics
C3: 47uF 50V electrolytic
C2: 0.1uF 50V Ceramic capacitor
0.25W Resistors, 5% tolerance
R1: 220 ohms
R2: 4.3K
R3: 1K
R4: 82K
R5: 10K
LED1: Green 5mm LED
R6: 2A Polyswitch
VR1: 1K
VR2: 20K

LM317 Universal battery charger

Here comes very simple idea is the universal battery charger circuit.
When, an input power is applied to the circuit.

The SCR1 (Silicon controlled rectifier) turn off, then not has a bias current path to ground.

The LM317 acts as a current regulator, It is connected to the battery thought a one way diode D1, limiting resistor R1, and a bias resistor R2.
The D1 prevents the circuit from battery discharging, when the power out off from this circuit.
As the battery charges, the voltage across A point potentiometer R5 and some point rises, to turn on the SCR1.
Then current from the regulator LM317 can flow to ground, so now the IC1 is in functions the voltage-regulating mode.
The R6 be used to control the output voltage.
When the SCR1 turn on, it also provides LED1 through R3 with a path to ground.
But when LED1 is on, this circuit is in the voltage-regulating mode, while LED1 is off to be in the current-regulating mode.

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This Post Has 27 Comments

  1. hi, can i leave this charger permanetly on the sla battery ? if not what changes would i have to make to do so ?

  2. “The universal battery charger using Lm317”
    Please explain that this charger is automatic or not. By automatic, i just mean that when battery voltage reaches a particular level, this charger will be off. and when the battery voltage reduces to a particular limit charger will starts charging. And 2 LEDs are indicating these two states.

  3. Dear Sir,

    Could you please help me with a circuit for 6v 12v automatic battery charger using 0-15v 5amps transformer, LM338 IC & ammeter and voltmeter etc (like a professional)

    regards
    Patrick

  4. Hi there,

    I built “12V lead acid battery charger by LM317K” and it’s working, but can someone explain me what does that GREEN Led, indicates full charged battery?

    Thanks

  5. Please can you explain why a power supply 12.5V DC stabilizer can not be use as batery chargerfor a sealed lead asid type battery?
    Thank you Sarantis

  6. Please can you explain why a 12.5 V dc power supply stabilizer can not be used as a battery charcher for a sealed lead acid type of battery?
    Thanks Sarantis

  7. No sarantis a 12.5 V dc power supply stabilizer can’t be used.That is becase you.ll need more voltage than 12 volts to charge a battery ,about 13,5-14,5 volts.

  8. Dear Sir

    I would like to ask you about the DC output current from the battery charger to charge 2 batteries (12v/250 AH )
    the charger 24v-10A enough for this operation
    Regards,

    Ismail Abdallah
    B.S.C electrical engineering

  9. Respected sir, Please tell me the value & power of used component in The universal battery charger using Lm317. I Like this & this is very useful.
    Thank You.

  10. sir i have a doubt.l d charger turn off wen it is fully charged and how this happens

  11. i have an IC named as LM317T. can i use this instead of LM317K?

  12. Pls where can I get a detailed video of building these circuits, its not too straight forward for my level. Or can I get a more detailed explanation. Thanks

  13. I have 6v 4.5ah old battery it shows 1.5v in multi meter. can i charge the battery..?
    I have
    out put 10v(10.9v) dc adaptor can i use
    to charge the battery..?
    I have another old
    transformer(from old fm radio 1990) with center tapped it shots 5.5v ac and
    0.02v ac . What do i do to charge the
    battery..?

  14. what is role of ic lm 317 k in lead acid battery charger?

  15. I want to build the simple 6V or 12V charger for Lead Acid battery that must give an output voltage of 13.75V for charging the 12V battery. My circuit has the LM317K voltage regulator with R1=220 and R2=2.2k and I’m using a 220V/15V, 3A transformer as shown above. The explanation on the LM317T says that Vin must be at least 2.5 volts greater than the required output voltage to power the regulator. Is it possible then for my design to give out 13.75V., since 15V – 13.75V is just 1.25V which is clearly less than 2.5V ? I ask because the rms 15VAC secondary output of the transformer will also give approximately 15VDC from the full bridge rectifier.
    I really want to build a simple but efficient dual purpose 6V or 12V charger, but it seems to me, from my question above, that this charger would be only efficient for 6V but NOT for 12V.
    Pls reply asap.
    Please reply asap.

  16. Hi, Apiece
    Thanks for your feedback.
    You are correct.
    I can charge 12v battery by 13.8v dc voltage.

  17. For the circuit 2 above, 6V or 12V Lead Acid battery charger, what other diode other than the MBR1545 in the circuit can I use? Pls give me similar/equivalent diode to that MBR1545 because I couldn’t get it in my locality. By the way what is the use of those MBR1545 in the circuit 2 above?
    Awaiting ur reply asap.
    Thanks.

  18. Hi, Apiece
    Thanks for your feedback.
    I am sorry , I not test this circuit.

    But I think we can use any diode as power current output.
    You can use 1N5402 or 3A 200V diode for output current maximum 3A.

    If have results any please share us.

  19. I want to make 100ah 2 volts sla battery charger please give me

  20. hi..
    i want to make a charger in automotive application for 12V input and 5V, 1A output please provide me a circuit diagram but that diagram should have protection like, over voltage, short circuit,EMI/EMC, ESD, i/p surge, over load.

  21. blurr with your diagram..resistor 1/3/4..value..?

  22. I like to know what the green an red led indicator doing by charging the SLA battery , can anyone let know pls ??? its look as reliable charger but the green an the red led are unknown for me what they indicate ,, full charged , floating charged , ???

  23. hi, can i leave this charger permanetly on the sla battery ? if not what changes would i have to make to do so ?

  24. can you tell me how to make automatic power supply charger for 4 pcs of 12 volt battery

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