How to test a diode. You should build a diode test circuit. Why? If you are a beginner. You need to do it. Normally you can use a multimeter test it easily. But it cannot test all types of a diode. For example Schottky Diode. It runs on high frequency. Sometimes, it cannot test with a normal meter.
But this circuit can check it. Because it runs on a high frequency with oscillator inside. Also, sometimes you need to test it faster. This circuit can check the diode the good or bad. And can indicate its polarity.
How to test a diode
First of all, if you do not know how to test a diode with a digital multimeter. You can watch this video.
Cr: Justin Miller. It is nice.
Anyways, you need to build this circuit. It may good for you working.
In the circuit.
So, if we connect the test point or both A and B terminal together. It causes both LED1 and LED2 will alternatively flash ON and OFF.
Then, if we take the diode to the A-B terminal.
By a cathode to A and anode to B. Now, the LED1 is in forwarding bias.
So LED1 will glow but LED2 will go out. Because it is a reverse bias.
If put the diode in backward, that anode to A and cathode to B. So LED2 will glow up. but LED1 will go out.
This indicates that this diode is normal.
In case of the diode lack, LED1-LED2 will go out.
Then, if the diode short circuit, both LEDs will light up.
The transistor tester
Also, this circuit can be used to check the transistors, because the structure of transistors has a state like two diodes connected together, base-collector is one diode and base-emitter is other one diode.
When testing same the general diode, but when test between the collector-emitter lead. If normal transistor, the LED1-LED2 will must go out. But LEDs light up show that short circuit between collector-emitter, we cannot use this transistor.
4 simple transistor tester circuits
How to assemble circuits
This is simple project circuit can be assembled in the universal board, contain into a small box. Trying to install LED1, LED2 to be close to the most testing. And LEDs of different colors to make observation easier. The 9-volts battery should be used in normal type because this circuit uses low current and so saving your money.
Try the circuit
For example, I try the circuit on a breadboard. It works. I can check all type diodes with a frequency. Which is better than a normal multimeter. It is suitable for repair the TV and all.
Note: Both LEDs do not need a limiting current resistor. Because it runs with AC pulse watch with Scope. So, the average current is lower.
The parts you will need.
IC1: LM741 op-amp IC
C1: 0.1uF 50V, Ceramic capacitors
R1: 68K, 1/4W Resistors tolerance: 5%
R2: 10K, 1/4W Resistors tolerance: 5%
LED1,2: Read in a text.
PCB,SW1,and more etc.
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