12V-24V PWM Motor controller circuit using TL494 and IRF1405

If you are looking for a high quality 24V PWM Motor controller circuits. We have many circuits for you. But today I am going to show you. Using TL494 and IRF1405 may be better for your choice.

Why it is special. Imagine the circuit has the low voltage battery checker system, working with soft start, adjust pulse frequency, and using for 12V or 24V battery at current up to 20A.

And it is small and simple. Not need to program software(without microcontroller).

It uses TL494, HEXFET and LM2940 as main.

There are 3 Circuits below!

12V DC motor speed control PWM circuit using TL494

This is a 12V DC motor speed control PWM circuit. Which using a TL494 (Switchmode Pulse Width Modulation Control IC) is a base for control DC Motor with pulse.

15A DC Motor Speed Control using TL494

Please detail more:
– For Control speed motor 12V 150Wmax 15A.
– R6 adjust speed motor.
– Driver Motor by Mosfet IRFZ48.x 2pcs.
– Control at Frequency 100HZ
– Adjust PWM duty cycle From 0 to 100%
– Rise and fall time = 10uS
– There is over load current 15A or current limit with current flowing throw R11 and Q1 work to stop IC1

12V-24V PWM Motor controller circuit using TL494 and IRF1405

24V DC Motor controller using TL494 and IRF1405

The working of circuit

Fig:1 Schematic diagram of this projects.
Project features
– Power supply range : 12V to 30V
– Current usage: maximum at 20A
– Current output : Maximum at 20A
– Standby current : 20mA
– Motor controller: 0 to 100%
– Cut off working when lower battery voltage: As setting at 11.5V for 12V and 23V for 24V battery.
– Adjusting pulse frequency: about 100Hz to 1.1 Khz(129 Hz to 1.28 Khz in this projects)
– Soft start: between 0 to 100% in range lower than 1 second
Pulse rising-edge and falling-edge at the gate of MOSFET: 1.5uS and 1.6uS
-VR1:speed controlled
-VR4: Low voltage output protection
-VR3-adjust the pulse frequency output
-VR2-sub speed controller

the-pcb-layout-of-20A 12V,24V DC motor controller


Fig:2 The Copper PCB layout

the component layout


Fig:3 Th components layout of this project.

Note:
My friend sent me this circuit. He said it is a very good high current DC motor controller. But it is a full article and not a clear photo.

Parts will you need

  • IC1: TL494, Pulse width modulation(PWM)
  • REG1: LM2940CT-12, Regulator
  • Q1, Q2: IRF1405, N-channel MOSFET
  • Q3: BC327, 45V 800mA PNP Transistor
  • Q4: 2N5484, N-Channel FET
  • D1: MBR20100CT, High-frequency Diode
  • D2-D6: 1N4148, 75V 0.15A Diodes
  • ZD1,ZD2: 1N4744, Zener Diode

Capacitors

  • C5: 22uF 16V, Electrolytic
  • C3,C6,C7,C10: 10uF 16V, Electrolytic
  • C4: 1uF 63V, Ceramic
  • C1: 470nF 63V, Polyester
  • C2,C8: 100nF 63V, Polyester
  • C9: 56nF 63V, Polyester

0.25W Resistors tolerance: 1%

  • R1,R4,R10: 100K
  • R3, R5: 10K
  • R6, R7: 2.2K
  • R2: 1K
  • R8, R9: 47 ohms
  • VR1: 10K Trimpot
  • VR2: 10K Trimmer Potentiometers
  • VR3, VR4: 100K Trimmer Potentiometers
  • 10K Potentiometer
  • The other parts, PCB, Heatsink, and more.

24V Motor control with 20A Short Circuit Protection

24VDC Motor Speed Control with 20A Short Circuit Protection

This is a 24V DC motor controller at the current 20Amp. By it uses IC SG3526B control in the character PWM that receive like very much and drive motor with power Mosfet number IRFP7410 x 2 pcs. Then can apply to DC Motor at use 20 Amp get comfortable and still have Shot Circuit Protection circuit As well. You see the detail adds at the pictured circuit.

PWM Speed Rotation Forward-Reverse and Regenerative Braking

This is the PWM Speed DC motor Rotation circuit. It can Forward-Reverse and Regenerative Braking function. By this circuit used a signal PWM control the speed of DC 12V motor with Power MOSFET IRF150.

PWM Speed Rotation Forard-Reverse and Regenerative Braking

The relay RY1 uses control Reverse with the digital alarm, change, Q10. The Relay RY2 work be a function brake resistor. By control Run or stop with the digital alarm with. The F1, use protection through the circuit.

The D1 use to protect current turn back from DC Motor. The detail is other, please see in the circuit.

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