Battery voltage monitor circuit by LM339 Reviewed by on . Rating: 0
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Battery voltage monitor circuit by LM339

This simple low voltage tester circuit can be used to monitor battery and other voltage sources of current for problems, by LED display and alarm sound. Which this circuit is used to check voltage of 9-volts battery.

Description
We use a LM339 Quad Comparator 14pin IC is base of this circuit and a few parts (6 pcs.) include two resistors, LEDs, 10K-potentiometer without capacitors. When attack the probe input is connected to 9-volts battery. The battery current will flow through positive supply pin 3 of IC1 and Negative supply pin 12 as source of this circuit.

At the same time, the battery current will flow through to a VR1 to the input pin 5(non inverthing) of IC1,then other way the current will pass R1-1K to limit current to the 6-volts zener diode at pin 4 (inverting). as the reference voltage. Both ways is compared the voltage inside IC1

The LED1 and Buzzer is indicator of circuit by R2 control neat current flow them.

When the input voltage is higher than 6-volts will cause high at output but LED1 will still not works and not soud buzzer sine each leg them are connected to positive suppy and output pin. But when the input voltage is lower than 6-volts then will makes LED1 glow brightly and buzzer emit sound. Which we can set the level voltage input with adjust sentility of circuit by control VR1.

low_voltage_battery_checker

The component list

R1,R2_________1K 1/4W Resistors
VR1___________5K Potentiometer
IC1___________LM339 Voltage comparator IC
ZD1___________Zener Diode 6V 0.5W no. 1N5233
LED1__________Any color you like.
BZ1___________Piezo Buzzer.
P1,P2_______Probes (See Notes)
Perforated board, wires, socket for IC

Application
I experiment this circuit on breadboard and them will operate from 9V to 12V now we take it to check 9-volts battery. Which a good available battery will have voltage about 8V.

Here is video of lectronicsNmore that make this project worked very great. Thanks a lot.

I made a divide voltage as ladder level with normal diodes in series as Figure 2. A LED is used as load and R-resistors act as limmiter of LED.
voltage-dropper-using-diodes
Figure 2 The voltage dropper using diodes

We use volts meter to measure voltage at input probe. and take it to the 8.3V then adjust VR untill LED1 glow and buzzer emit.
Then apply the probe to lower level dropper voltage.

Please watch video below for better understand.


Simple level voltage detector using LM741

Related Links
LED VU Meter by LM339
LED Voltmeter for car battery by LM324
Low Battery Voltage Indicator by IC 8211



Comments (7)

  • Jonas Strauch

    Hi!
    Sorry, but may it be the false pins in the image of the Voltage Indicator?
    It’s the false way round, 5&4, 7&6 and so on…
    The Voltage of reference should be on the -Pin and the Voltage you want to comparate on the +Pin, shouldn’t it?
    Please give me a answer if it’s like i sad, or if not tell me why, because if i build it like in the picture all the LEDs flash!

  • Jonas Strauch

    Oh, sorry i’ve looked somewhere else it’s right, but why isn’t it working?

  • Jonas Strauch

    Ok, i found the false…

  • atewele elvis

    i like what you allays polished. i will like some projects that you have already design

  • Sanjay

    It works great, but when kept connected continuously to 9 v battery, battery is draining fast , can you suggest what can be done to avoid this circuit not to drain battery fast when kept connected on continuous on to battery

  • admin

    Hi,Jonas Strauch
    Thanks for your feedback.

  • chromedragon

    Hi, I was very interested in your info, however, I had difficulty with grammar. Is it possible to correct the following: When the input voltage is higher than 6-volts will cause high at output but LED1 will still not works and not soud buzzer sine each leg them are connected to positive suppy and output pin. But when the input voltage is lower than 6-volts then will makes LED1 glow brightly and buzzer emit sound. Which we can set the level voltage input with adjust sentility of circuit by control VR1

    Only bbecause I want to understand the LM339 and how the correct the voltage setting using VR1.

    Thanks.

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