This is a simple monitor turn on delay circuit. It uses the contact of relay acts as a switch. When we enter an AC main to this circuit. The circuit will delay working.
While It reduces a surge current protection with a fuse. Same as current will gradually flow into the first period.
Currently, we use the same computer. Most are connected to an outlet with a switch to turn off with the easier to use.
But when we turn off the switch, plug it in short strokes will be. Surge current flows into. This may result in damage and lost a hard drive.
Therefore require a delay for a while. It is time to turn on itself, which will help prevent hard disk the damage.
This circuit can be used with 220-volt house power. by contact of the relay switch to acting.
When 220-volt power input to the circuit, the lower the voltage to 220 volts to 15 Volts, with R1, R2, C1 and C2 current limiting it to about 41 milliamps.
And C Partners diodes ZD1 limited pressure it to 15 volts and Direct Optical Fire through D1,. D2 and C3 to the party circuit.
There will be current through R3 to charge C4, which takes time to charge and when the C4 charge fully to make a current flowing into pin B of Q1.
The Q1 runs and drive currents to RY1 switch contacts touch. Each per 220-volt power to the monitor acts C4 delay.
If you want a long delay, it added the C4, but if you want to delay it a little to reduce the C4.
The Diode-D3 prevent reverse voltage from the coil of a relay. Which may be damaged to the circuit.
How to build this project
This project is not used many components so can assemble on the universal PCB board. The wiring and various components to look out carefully for the polarity of the electrolytic capacitors, Diodes, Transistor, and relay are correct.
The components List
C3, C4_470uF 16V_Electrolytic
D1-D3_1N4007_1000V 1A Diodes
ZD1_Zener diode 15V 1W
RY_Relay 12V see text
The universal PCB board.
We recommended others delay circuits
- Simple time Delay Circuit using MOSFET
- 10 Second Fan on delay timer circuit by transistor
- Small surge protector using delay system by C1815
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