Cheap & Small hearing aids circuit project

This is cheap hearing aids circuit project. Or a small listen booster is a simple function.

They are similar to the common small audio amplifier.

Small hearing aids circuit project

 

Why use it?

Imagine your dad is old. Sure, he hears anything weak sound.

How do you do?

You are an electronics inventor, right?

Yes, you can try to make a tool. To help him back to listen to great music again.

This project is small, use only one 1.5V battery. Using normally components you can buy in stores near you.

Let’ s getting to learn.

the working starts with a preamplifier circuit.

We receive audio signals from a microphone. Then, it increases a lower signal to a higher volume up before.

Next, a power amplifier boosts power up again. To drive headphones to we hear that sound.

Is it easy? Yes, you can read more in deep.

Dynamic Microphone Amplifier For Earphone

Look at the circuit below.

Dynamic microphone Amplifier for earphones

It is a simple two-stage transistor amplifier.

All of all, a dynamic microphone gets a sound to convert into a small signal.

Then, the C2-capacitor gets only AC to two 2N3053 NPN transistors have a particularly high gain.

Next, the higher signal comes out of C3 to an earphone output.

But this circuit is not suitable for true using.

So, look at the second circuit below.

Related: Low noise microphone preamplifier circuit

Hearing Aids Circuit Project

The specialty of this preamplifier circuit is an automatic level control circuit or ALC.

Which it will operate at a fixed control volume automatically.

Block Diagram of Hearing-aids-project

Suppose that the sound is very loud. This circuit will turn the volume down.

On the other hand, if soft sound. It will increase the volume up.

Make us hear all the levels. Both many and the less sound.

And we can adjust the volume as needed. To set the volume to a level that is appropriate for each person.

Read Also:Active microphone preamplifier using LF356

How it works

Look in the circuit below. It is a complete circuit of a hearing aids project.

small hearing aids circuit

Here is the step-by-step process:

Microphone preamplifier

Start with the microphone MIC1, condenser microphone. This MIC requires a DC voltage supply.

So, It gets DC current by a battery through resistor R1(10K).

Then, a sound signal from MIC comes to C1- 0.1uF capacitor. It passes only AC to amplify into the base of transistor-Q1, BC547.

Which serves as a first audio preamplifier set.

The output signal at collector via C2 connected to Q2. It acts as the second preamplifier.

This is a very high gain. There are resistors R3, R5 are a load, the R4 is a feedback and bias base to Q2 runs.

Read first for beginners: How do transistor circuits work

Next, The signal via C3 to the coupling signal in two ways:

First way:

Automatic Level Control

To automatic level control circuit. It includes transistor-Q3. It makes a feedback bias current to a base of Q1 to control the volume of the amplifier.
Which this voltage occurs from a DC voltage by rectifier diode D1. This voltage will be filtered to a stable level before.

And a capacitor C4 delays a step of volume control, fast or slow. If small value makes the rhythm control up and down of sound faster. But if the value is high, it will slow the sound control.

Next, send a signal to the base of Q1 through R2

If MIC1 gets a loud voice. There is a many bias current to Q3. It causes a collector voltage of Q3 is lower. And, makes a voltage of C4 is lower, too.

This level volume control voltage will via R2 into the base of the transistor Q1. If the voltage is high (MIC1 is low volume) will have a bias current to the Q1 works more and louder sound.

In contrast, if the level volume control voltage is low (MIC1 is louder).

It would make current input to the transistor decreases. As a result, the audio signal will be reduced accordingly. Thus, the sound level has nearly the same all the time. Whether loud or soft.

So what?

Headphone Amplifier

Then, the signal flows through to a power amplifier circuit to drive headphones to hear.
They include:

Transistor Q4-BC337 increases a sound signal.

Potentiometer VR1 adjusts the volume.

Connect signals through the capacitor C9 to the base of transistor Q4.

And R9 resistor feedback a signal and bias to the transistor works in class A.

Reduce the gain in high-frequency range by capacitor-C7. To reduce noise and maintain the stability of the circuit.

The sound signal from the collector is driven through headphones connected directly with the power supply. The headphone is a load of the amplifier circuit. Use only dynamic headphones with an impedance range from 16 to 32 ohms.

Direct Current pass Load

While turning ON-OFF this circuit. We will hear the sound “thub”. It is normal for the output that uses load pass current to the circuit.

So, before and after use this circuit you should not listen to your ear.

And it is not good for the headphone. But this circuit use 1.5V 27mA or 1.3mW only. It is so low, safe for all parts.

How to makes and adjusting

This circuit is a small size. So, you can build it easily on the Perforated PC board. Sure some this normal PCB look at the image below.

pcb-of-the-cheap-small-hearing-aids-project


PCB layout for build this circuit

Parts you will need

0.25W Resistors, tolerance: 5%
R1, R9: 10K
R2: 1M
R3: 4.7K
R4, R7: 100K
R5: 3.9K
R6: 1.5K
R8: 100Ω
VR1: 50K (A) Potentiometer

Ceramic Capacitors
C1,C2: 0.1µF 50V
C7: 470pF 50V

Electrolytic Capacitors
C3, C6: 1µF 50V
C4: 10µF 25V
C5: 470µF 16V

Semiconductors:
Q1,Q2,Q3: BC547, 45V 100mA NPN Transistor
Q4: BC337,45V 800mA NPN Transistor
D1: 1N4148,

Others
Headphone
B1: 1.5V battery
S1: On-Off switch

Check out these related articles, too:


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59 thoughts on “Cheap & Small hearing aids circuit project”

  1. Thank for sharing this interesting project.
    A question… What are the technical specifications of the mic? Voltage, etc…
    (Sorry but english is not my first language)
    Thanks in advance

    Reply
  2. Nice project.

    I was wondering if i could replace the MIC with an input audio jack for an mp3 player so that i can have fix volume from varying mp3s volume?

    Reply
  3. So, the voltage supply is just 1.5V, not 3V? Because I see 2 “1.5V” in the schematic but in figure 2 the battery is just 1.5V.

    ..just verifying, thank you~ (^^,)

    Reply
  4. Hello 😀
    I’ve finished it for my projeeeect~
    AND IT WORKS GREAT <3
    Thsnk you for posting this :))
    I would've wanted to leave a picture of the final thing with packaging but oh well….

    again, THANKS!!

    Reply
  5. I’ve finished it for my projeeeect~
    AND IT WORKS GREAT <3
    Thsnk you for posting this :))
    I would've wanted to leave a picture of the final thing with packaging but oh well….

    again, THANKS!!

    Reply
  6. This is a super project. I built one for my Dad for his birthday. Most of the parts you can get in the USA from RadioShack. The transistors I got on eBay.

    Reply
  7. For the science fair in our school, we are trying to make a hearing aid which could work with an app that would control the volume, is there a way for that to happen? We have not yet built it but the hearing aid seems simple to acomplish. Great job!

    Reply
  8. Hello,
    I tried your circuit and it works on the breadboard,
    But when i transfered it into PCB i can only hear static and noise ,i all the connections are ok and i already replace the mic with a new one ,what do you think is the problem im missing?
    Thank you

    Reply
  9. Hello.
    First of all thanks fo the circuit. I had done the circuit in a breadboard n had got output also. But the problem is that the audio output is very faint as if no amplification takes place. I had replaced 1.5v source with 9v battery and i had replaced 1uf capacitor with 0.1uf capacitor(the one in between two bc547-middle part). Could point out what might be the mistake.
    Thanks in advance.

    Reply
    • Hi Biral
      I am very glad that you build this project.
      This circuit is adjusted too high sensitivity. There may be noise.

      I believe you should check everything well. And you are not a beginner because in this circuit the creator needs to have enough electronic skills

      Reply
  10. Hello, thank you very much
    But why is there so much information error?
    The parts list does not match the map
    Example of resistance
    R1= 10k or 470 k?!!!
    R1,R4??? R9???
    The list of nominal parts of the diode is not listed

    Reply
  11. Hi
    One Question:
    Capacitor C4 is different
    In schematic design and Parts you will need:
    which one is correct?

     10µF 25V or 1µF ???

    Reply
    • Hello Francisco,

      Thanks for your visit. I am happy that you are interested in this circuit.

      But honestly. I have never built this circuit yet. So don’t know It works fine. As you want or not?

      However, I believe you are a brave person. And always keep on learning electronics. You can definitely do it!

      In my opinion. This circuit has a very weak output. You may be able to connect directly to the microphone of the phone.

      If you try and have any results. Please share with me, thank you very much.

      Apichet

      Reply
  12. I was looking for this information relating to the cheap small hearing aids project. You have really eased my work by posting this article, loved your writing skill as well. Please keep sharing more, would love to read more from you!

    Reply
  13. Hi, and thanks for the schematic.! Could you/someone help me adding a 300-3000hz bandpass filter, to only let human voice frequencies through? 🙂

    Reply

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