Many electronics circuits and projects for learning in simple ways.

ECG simulator circuit using CD4521 and CD4017

ECG simulator circuit is very useful in the medical community. Such as experimental research and development of bio-medical imaging. But this should not be taken with patients because we do not want that. The real purpose is that it is used to preview a heart rate only.

In general measuring the rate of heartbeat will get a waveform as Figure 1 start of all we take the sensor to Attached to on the patient at various points, Measurement results are amplitude approximately 1mV. A heartbeat rate is between 40 Hz to 150 Hz. electronic medical use of the letter P to the U of thousands of waves. ECG 1 times, be seen to one waveform clude the one peaks of spikes.
the ECG waveform and feature of P to U


Figure1 the ECG waveform and feature of P to U

The working of circuit.

The circuit consist of two standard logic IC and a few parts.
IC1-CD4521 is CMOS is called that 24 stage binary counter, by have the frequency setting in counter is X1- crystal at frequency 4,194,304 Hz.

ECG-simulator-circuit
Figure 2 ECG simulator circuit using CD4521 and CD4017

The IC1 will divide frequency out of 16 Hz is square wave to output Q18 (pin 10).

The switch S1b is optional, the output frequency of IC 1 is a low frequency of 1 of 2 Hz.

The Q8-pin output frequency of 16 Hz will connected as clock signal to IC2. Which is a Decimal Counter circuit at pin 15 of IC2 to divide frequency at output 10.

The second signal will be filtered with R3 and C3 are waveform in spikes in to pin 15 of IC2. The D2-diode will block negative voltage not flow in to pin 15

IC2 will count to 9 and will be on hold state. Then, pin 11 is connected to pin enable input is pin 13 will reset working. Which is the wave conditions in the U.

Also a device output signal of Q1, Q4 and Q6. By the first wave is a pulse that has been transformed into a P wave form, by filter in integrator form by R6 and C4, so C4 will be charged from 0V to about 1V.

The T wave form of the integrator ofR7 and C4, where R7 is the resistance less than half of the R6. Wave pulses of Q6 will charge more by C4 is 2 times of the P waveform. C5 and R10 are put into a R pulse between 2 waveform.

The R8-resistor to limit the current to the charging of C5, and in at same time D5 to allow the voltage to 3.8V via the C R9 and D3.

Which is LED blinks while the R-waveforms. Which the spike waveform passed R13, R14 and R15 will convert the output voltage is 1V and 1mV needs. This circuit use the 9-volts battery The rate of consumption of the circuit about 2.5mA.

How to builds

To begin with Make the PCB as PCB layout in Figure 3, secondly then to assemble all parts in to the PCB as Figure 4 , then check all for errors after assemble them. Next connect the wiring to the oscilloscope and the battery wire to the circuit. Just now already to use ECG simulator.

Actual-size of Single-sided Copper PCB layout
Figure 3 the Actual-size of Single-sided Copper PCB layout

the component layout
Figure 4 The component layout.

The component List
Resistors__¼ W 5%
R1——————–1M
R2——————–3.9K
R3, R4, R12——–100K
R5——————–18K
R6——————–680K
R7——————–330K
R8——————–3.3K
R9——————–2.2K
R10——————47K
R11——————560K
R13, R14———–10K
R15——————150 ohms

Capacitors
C1——————–82pF_50V___Ceramic______= 1 pcs.
C2——————–22pF_50V___Ceramic______= 1 pcs.
C3——————–0.22uF_63V___Polyester____= 1 pcs.
C4——————–0.47uF_63V___Polyester____= 1 pcs.
C5, C6—————0.33uF_63V___Polyester____= 1 pcs.
C7——————–0.1uF_63V___Polyester_____= 1 pcs.

Semiconductors
D1, D2, D4———-1N4148___0.75A 100V___Silicon Diode____= 3 pcs.
D3———————LED__in Super bright type______________= 1 pcs.
D5———————Zener Diode___3V__500mw_____________= 1 pcs.
IC1——————–CD4521__CMOS 4-stage Frequency Divider
IC2——————–CD4017__DECADE COUNTER/DIVIDER IC

Others
S1———————- Slide switch in DPDT – Double – pole , Double-throw.
BT1——————– 9-volts battery
X1———————- Crystal__4.194304 MHz


Example: ECG simulator

This Post Has 7 Comments

  1. Can you tell me of any problems you had with this circuit and can you show me some calculations for designing the circuit

  2. Please can you tell me which simulator logiciel you are using, i didn’t find the IC1 “CD4521” in ISIS proteus.

  3. Hey av used most of your circuits and they helps me much thanks.

  4. MAY I KNOW HOW TO INJECT THIS SIMULATOR TO THE ECG MACHINE. THANKS.. IS THERE ANY FINAL ASSEMBLY FOR THIS DESIGN?

  5. may i know which simulator logic that you are using . i didnt find the IC1 “CD4521” in ISIS proteus.

  6. Happly all people think about sw ignoring the glorious time of hd. The comments are typical for people will never integrate the symbiosis between complements.
    Although the simplicity of you circuit please receive the congratulations from an electronic engineer 78 yo
    rui figueiredo

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