If you want a sine wave oscillator. We have many circuit for you. Now I am going to show you the Wien Bridge Oscillator circuit.

In normal It has low distortion. And can easily adjust the resonance frequency. That depends on the pair of resistors (R) and capacitors (C).

We can calculate the formula.

F = 1/2 p RC

## How Wien bridge oscillator works

The first circuit is a simple Wien Bridge Oscillator.

Wien bridge oscillator is a sine wave oscillator. It can generate a big of frequencies.

The oscillator was based on a bridge circuit. Which includes four resistors and two capacitors.

The oscillator can also be viewed as a positive gain amplifier combined with a bandpass filter that provides positive feedback.

The field-effect transistor (FET) Q1 works in the linear resistive region to give automatic gain control.

For the reduction of the R-C network is one-third at the zero phase-shift tremble frequency.

The amplifier gain determined by resistor R1 and equivalent resistor RT must be just equal to three to make up the unity gain positive feedback requirement needed for stable oscillation.

Resistors R2 and R3 are set to approximately 1000 ohm less than the required R1 resistance.

The FET – 2N5020 dynamically provides the trimming resistance needed to make RT one-half of the resistance of R1.

The circuit composed of R4, D1, and C1 isolates, rectifies, and filters the output sine wave, converting it into a dc potential to control the gate of the FET.

For the low drain-to-source voltage used, the FET provides a symmetrical linear resistance for a given gate to source voltage.

### Assembling

This circuit is not designed for PCB. If you do not want to design own PCB. Or use universal PCB Board that difficult.

Although the circuits are is not the same. It can produce a sine wave signal as well.

## #The Second: Wien bridge oscillator Circuit

In this circuit, as Figure 1 the oscillator is based on the R that includes with R1 + P1a (or R2 + P1b), and C is C1, C2 or either C3 (or C4, C5 or C6). And more parts are connected with IC1, IC2 op-amp ICs.

Some output signal from IC2 is sent to the voltage attenuator circuit, that includes of IC3 and T1. The T1 is FET that is used as the variable resistors as the feedback of IC2

The gain of OP-Amp is controlled by the voltage and changing the control voltage of T1 by P2. It needs to tuning to the oscillation to have high efficiency, on the frequency range is selected.

When we use the value of parts as a schematic diagram of the Wien bridge oscillator circuit will have frequencies of about 20 Hz – 22.5 Khz by adjusting P1 and maximum harmonic distortion approximately 2 %.

This circuit requires a Dual voltage (positive-negative) power supply. so we use the voltage converter circuit as Figure 2 input is 9V to +4.5V, Ground, -4.5V.

We use principles like the voltage divider using OP-AMP IC-741 and few parts.

#### The parts list

IC1-IC3: CA3140, 4.5MHz, Bimos Operational Amplifier With MOSFET Input/bipolar Output.

IC4: LM741, Operational Amplifier

D1,D2: 1N4148, 75V 150mA Diodes

T1: BF256,BF244, FET

P1: 47K, potentiometer

P2: 47K, Pot

**Polyester Capacitor**

C1,C4: 150nF or 0.15uF 63V

C2,C5: 15nF or 0.015uF 63V

C3,C8: 1.5nF or 0.0015uF 63V

C7: 22uF 16V tantalum capacitors

C10: 47uF 16V, electrolytic

C11,C12: 10uF 16V, electrolytic*1/4W Resistors tolerance: 5%*

R1,R2: 4.7K

R3,R7,R8,R9: 100K

R4: 10K

R5: 12K

R6: 150K

SW1: 3 step selector switch

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I always try to make Electronics **Learning Easy**.

The first circuit shows a depletion mode n-channel MOSFET. The 2N5020 is in fact a p-channel JFET.