This is Coaxial cable tester circuit. It is useful to check the cables inside and outside. Check the continuity of the cable, check cable short-circuited. And detection of the high resistance of the cable. Check that all lamp displays with LED.
How coaxial cable tester works
Operation of the circuit, when we press the test button to S1. The current flows through R6 and R7. Then, D1 is a conductor outside of the lines R4 and LED3.
If conducted outside of the coaxial cable to the LED3 will light up.
At the same time, Electricity is flowing through R6, R7, R2, and LED1.
The Conductors inside the cable, D2.
The LED1 will light showing the continuity of the cable inner conductor (LED1 and LED3 is green).
If the lines outside and inside the same circuit. Electricity is flowing through R6, R7 and D1 from the outside to the inside of the cable short-circuited, and D2.
Both the LED1 and LED3 is off. Which the current rises more than normal from 10 mA to about 80 mA.
The voltage drop across R6 will be higher. Until the Q3 work, so a current flows through LED4 make it light.
Parts you will need
Q1,Q4: BC549, 0.1A 40V, NPN transistors
Q2,Q3: BC558, 0.1A 40V, PNP transistors
LED1, LED3: Green LED
LED2,LED4, LED5: Red LED
D1, D2: 1N4148, 150mA Diodes
0.25W 5% Resistors
R1, R5: 22K
R2, R3, R4, R9, R11: 470 ohms
R6: 10 ohms
R7: 100 ohms
B1: 9V battery
S1: Push-button switch
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