If you need to have a high power amplifier in small size. I suggest this project , It have powered drive output up 30 watts, by low noise and Low distortion. And easy to bulid because use a few devices. But is good sound energy worth the cheaper.
The circuit principle.
The LM1875T is Amplifier IC model of National Semiconductor. A body on Supplier Package : TO-220, Pin Countto use is 5 pin. This IC is buit by High technology monolithic type makes very low Total Harmonic Distortion Noise less than 1% (0.015%@8Ohm@20W) the quality of sound.
They can be use with DC power supply wide range between 16 volts to 60 volts, and can use both dual and single voltage. In this project use the single voltage supply is Positive and Ground. As Figure 1
The voltage of power supply will has effect to power of IC that is if we enter DC voltage supply of 50 volts, the IC have power up to 25 watts. When use with impedane load between 4 ohms to 8 ohms.
But we use the maximum signal supply voltage up to 60 volts, and power output up to 30 watts. Which impedance load 8 ohms.
This IC model IC have the protection system with the Maximum Operating Temperature in range -65 to 150°C, So widly use, but if you use fan to IC heatsink to reduce heat of them so very well.
In circuit diagram form in signal characteristics is non inverting input signals. in to the input. There are R4-resistor adjust input impedance and coupling through the C1-capacitor in to amplifier section inside the IC1. Thus R1 and C1 will set the frequency of input signal, by R1, C2 filter the noise (D-coupling), from power supply to protect noise through the input.
Both R5, R6-resistors are connected in feedback form, and act as adjusting gain of circuit. But R7 and C5 are used to bypass or through high noise frequency to ground. To To ensure the quality of sound output improves. And there is C6 coupling signal out to the output ( Load) The value that use to good sound quality even more. and also protect DC voltage leak to load.
Figure 2 is graph to show the comparin various feture of LM1875T-IC as table 2 (A) show compere between Distortion percent of signal (THD) and power watts at output. Which IC drive over 20 watts. The resistor load of 8 ohms. To the harmonic distortion less than load 4 ohms.
Table 2 (B) show compare between the values of harmonic distortion and frequency of signal at output. By in range frequency about 80 Hz up to about 10 KHz Harmonic distortion in the stable and have lower average between both load about 0.025%.
In table 2 (C) show compere output power and voltage of power supply at load 8 ohms. Which if we use voltage up to 30 volts will be watts power output about 32 watts.
This amplifier use high voltage power supply and highe current up to 3-4 Amperes. This helps improve the stability of the circuit. Resulting in better sound quality as well.
How to build its.
The amplifier circuit as Figure 1 that is single side or mono system only. Thus if build on stereo system you have to builds two sets.
To begin with find all components before, so make an Actual-size,Single-sided copper PCB layout as Figure 3. Then assemble all parts to PCB as Figure 4 so easy.
Figure 3 Actual-size,Single-sided copper PCB layout
For who not have DC power supply voltage : 50-60 volts. Current around 3-4 amperes. To try circuit in Figure 5
Testing and aplication
First, apply good signal (CD, tuner) to input, If have the tone control and low volume with it better,Connected input signal is applied to the project.and speaker of 4-8 ohms sized about 30 watts to output.
The components list
Resistors size : 0.5 watts +5%
R7__________1 ohm s
C2, C3_______10uF 50V___ Electrolytic
C4__________100uF 50V___ Electrolytic
The speaker size of 4-8 ohms 30W
PCB, terminal,wires, etc.