This is Simple PWM motor control circuit using IC 4011, can adjust speed of 12V small motor. It is easy as use a few components that IC digital and transistor driver as main.
If you want to control speed of a small 12 volt DC motor. Before will see others circuit. I introduces this circuit as figure that show below. They is simple circuit because used a little piece of component. By has a Nand gate Digital cmos IC number CD4011 is main of circuit. Which it is determined to works in the PWM model(pulse width modulation) so has high It is highly effective, Low power consumption
– By using VR1 adjust the speed as needed.
– and use two transistors are TIP41 and BC548 are connected in a Darlington makes drive current can be high.
– We should hold a heat sink at TIP41 due to it heat when they are applied.
– While motor function, may be a reverse current, it must put Diode D1-1N4148 to prevent this circuit.
This circuit we bring to use with AC Line power so has T1 to reduce a voltage down into 12V, then AC current flow through to D1-D4 to the full wave rectifier into DC current and there is C1 filter to DCV that smooth so well, ready to use in the 12 volt DC motor controller. But if you want use it with 12 volt battery, you can remove this section go out.
:: 12 volt DC motor speed controller
But if you want circuit that a good than this circuit. see these circuits.
PWM Control Speed 12V Motor for power dc motor of 12V to 24V motor using TL494.
This circuit is not design PCB. If you do not want to design own PCB. Or use universal PCB Board that difficult.
I would recommend more DIY KIT below…
DC12V DC24V DC36V DC48V DC52V PWM DC Motor Speed Controller Driver
5A Motor Speed Controller (PWM)
This circuit use IC-555 popular IC timer and FET is durable better than transistors