0-60 volt DC variable power supply using LM317&LM337 Reviewed by on . Rating: 0
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# 0-60 volt DC variable power supply using LM317&LM337

If you want a power supply that covers most applications. This circuit may be what you’re looking for. The price you deny difficult. With the following features.
1. On signal mode can supply DC voltage between 0 volt and 60 volt
2. Can provide DC dual variable on positive, negative and ground are +/- 0-30 volts.
3. Can supply current out maximum about 1.5 A.
4. Use the most popular IC are LM317T and LM337T, so do not have to worry about finding the device, and it certainly easy.

Before construction, we study the properties of important devices, is regulator IC.

Choosing a regulator IC.
The regulator IC is used to regulates DC voltage, which in this circuit we use an IC numeber of LM317T for the positive voltage and the LM337 for the negative voltage. Both IC have the same features. Thus, So describes specific number LM317T only.
The LM317T is readymade regulator IC can use to adjust voltage from 1.25 volt to 37 volt, there is 3 leg, body same the regulated IC number 7805.
But it batter that can provides to 1.5 A and get input voltage from 3 volt to 40 volt It’s easy to applications and, of these features have advantages over the regular letters IC 78xx series a lot.
In addition, Internal the IC is also circuit is fully protected are the short-circuit protection, input overthe voltage protection, over load protection. And another interesting feature is the elimination the ripple.
The output voltage (Vo) Determined from the formula.
Vo =1.25{1+(R2/R1)}
The R1 is the resistance constant. Which should be between 120-240 Ohm. The R2 can be adjusted from a minimum value (0 ohm) to the value we want. If R2 is equal to 0 ohm minimum output the voltage of about 1.25 volts.

Figure 1 0-60 volt DC variable power supply circuits using LM317&LM337

## How to make LM317 start at 0 volts

In electronic circuits require constant voltage. Would not be necessary to make the voltage at output of LM317T down to 0 volt. However, in the experiments will be necessary to adjust the the voltage. The IC LM317T, there is a weakness in this is the output the voltage minimum adj pin is connected to ground is equal to 1.25 volts.

But there are tricks to make LM317T adjustable voltage output is 0 volts. By creating a lower reference voltage to 0 volt to 1.25V (-1.25 volt). Then to the adj Will be able to adjust the output the voltage to 0 volt.
The negative voltage regulated IC number LM337T as same is if adj pin connect to ground will get lowest output voltage into -1.25 volt. Which if adjust as 0 volt reference voltage of +1.25 volts, it must be connected to the adj pin of the IC only.

How this circuit works
In figure 1 is this complete circuit. The Diodes D1-D4 are regtifier ACV from 24 volts of transformer is DCV of about 33 volts both positive and negative voltage. The capacitor C1 and C4 is voltage filter from the bridge diode to smooth. The R1,D5 and D6 are made the reference voltage of +1.25 volts to the LM337T to adjust to 0 volt.

The R3,D10 and D11 make voltage -1.25 volts to LM317T to it can adjust to 0 volt as well.
The D7,D8 and D12,D13 protects voltage backward voltage from output. Which may makes IC Which may cause damage to the IC. The C2 and C5 are connected to reduce noise signal that from adjustable the potentiometer (VR1,VR2) and makes voltage at output to smooth up.

Judicially built and tested before applications.
This project has a few amount of equipment. We can assemble onto the versatile PCB. Check the circuit for error. When you are sure all the wires and components are installed correctly.
After examining successfully assemble the devices. Then, try to applies AC power. If not was wrong. Hold the DC voltmeter measure on the positive output. And then Rotate VR1 you can read the voltage from 0-30 volt. If everything is correct ,then move the lead of meter to measure the negative. And then adjust the VR2 can read voltage from 0-30 volts. Everything is ready to applications, However if the malfunction, disconnect the transformer. Then find unusual.

How to build this projects
This project is not used many components so can assemble on the universal PCB board. But can make a Single-sided PCB layout as Figure 2. And see the wiring and various components layout can view of the example in Figure 3. But be carefull the polarity of the electrolytic capacitors and Diodes and both IC1-LM317,IC2-LM337 correctly and hold proper the heatsink.

Figure 2 The Single-sided PCB layout

Figure 3 The components layout of this projects

### Note:

FAQ
The LM317T is positive voltage regulator ICs that low watts because is plastic case or TO-220 model.
The LM317K is higher watts because metal case. TO-3 model.
The LM337T is negative voltage regulator ICs in TO-220 model.

This circuit may be not favorites you. You may like these circuit below.
1.My first Variable DC Power Supply 1.2V to 30V 1A by LM317 It’s easy and cheap as possible.

2.LM317 Linear power supply Regulator selector 1.5V,3V,4.5V,5V,6V,9V 1.5A It’s easy to selects voltage output.

3.Best DC power supply 3Amp to adjust 1.2V-20V & 3V-6V-9V-12V High current for all circuit easy to use.

4.Dual power supply 3V,5V,6V,9V,12,15V with LM317,LM337There positve and negative voltage output for all circuit easy to use.

• #### Lee26 Loo

Your drawing was completely wrong ! How could both output marked as V+ ??
D14 anode side output should be V-
Did this silly mistake nobody checked it out before posted ?

• #### shrine09

can somebody check the diagram if its correct,.. please, i was supposed to make this p.s but i just had read that comment… please somebody check..

Hi,Lee26 Loo

Ohh.. I must apologize for the error.
You are very kind that please tell me.
I modified successfully.

• #### SANDMAN

I tried to assemble this circuit but nothing happends ,I dont know why , all my connections are correct..

can you give me some idea admin?

• #### SANDMAN

There is no out put comming out..

• #### erika

i tried this one but no output comming out

• #### Wina

did anyone tried this circuit???

I’m sorry.
All circuits, I gathered from the book, which I have not tried this before, it may be a errors.

D14 to be correct, Pin V-successfully modified.

• #### MR OHM 1970

is circuit revised?>>>

• #### neperfreq

Just finished a version of this. added 4 power transistors for extra current. It works great, but I think I need to add current limiting before i call it a done project. Thanks for the concept.

• #### Anna

Can you reduce the output voltage to 25 V?

• #### Ajiboye Aye Taiwo

I want to construct 0 to 12volt dc power supply that can suplly up to 100Ampere. How can I achieve this task using all the components listed above?

• #### Ajiboye Aye Taiwo

I will be expecting your repply.

• #### NEBA ELVIS

I want construct variable power supply in which both the current and voltage can be varied.Please How is this possible

• #### NEBA ELVIS

I have build the 0-60v variable power supply above but only the positive part is varying while the negative remains constant.I don’t know what is wrong please I need urgent assistance.

• #### Jhay

Hi do you know how to make 0-18 volts 2amp power supply?

• #### NItin

hey i should mirror the pcb layout then print or what?? please reply

• #### Tharindu Dharmakeerthi

I think for get more current (more than 1A) u can use parellel circuits given above.But you have to make sure about R1,R2 values and all parellal values should be varied in the same time

• #### ItsDavid

Is the 1.5 amp per side, 3 amps total? or 1.5 amps total?

• #### Suresh de Fonseka

Pl ,give me the correst circuit.

• #### Jawaaz

Can we increase the value of R1 and R3 to decrease the current

• #### momename

Hi Jawaaz,
Yes, you can.

• #### Angel

Hi

Is there a difference between lm317t and lm317h? The multisim that l am currently using, do only have lm317h.

• #### momename

Hi Angel,
The LM317T is positive voltage regulator ICs that low watts because is plastic case or TO-220 model.
The LM317K is higher watts because metal case. TO-3 model.
The LM337T is negative voltage regulator ICs in TO-220 model.

• #### Albert

Awesome design. I have been looking to make a 60 volt power supply for a few days now. Any tips on a household outlet that uses 120V?

• #### Remigio T. Flores

can i request a circuit diagram of an automatic variable voltage power supply from 0 to 6 volts 30 amp with an input of 12 volts dc. The power goes up automatically once the switch is turn on in just about 15 to 20 seconds. it must be an escalating power. Thank you so much if you could help me with this!

• #### momename

Hi Remigio T. Flores,
In mysites have many idea:

http://www.eleccircuit.com/0-50v-3a-variable-dc-power-supply/
You may use transistors for increase current.